Rehabilitation

Authors: Brady RB, Sidiropoulos AN, Bennett HJ, Rider PM, Marcellin-Little DJ, Devita P.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To assess differences in sagittal plane joint kinematics and ground reaction forces between lean and obese adult dogs of similar sizes at 2 trotting velocities. Animals-16 adult dogs. Procedures-Dogs with body condition score (BCS) of 8 or 9 (obese dogs; n = 8) and dogs with BCS of 4 or 5 (lean dogs; 8) on a 9-point scale were evaluated. Sagittal plane joint kinematic and ground reaction force data were obtained from dogs trotting at 1.8 and 2.5 m/s with a 3-D motion capture system, a force platform, and 12 infrared markers placed on bony landmarks.

Authors: Smith TJ, Baltzer WI, Jelinski SE, Salinardi BJ.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To report a standardized method of, and determine inter- and intratester reliability for, anthropometric assessment of limb circumference in dogs.
STUDY DESIGN:
Prospective blinded study.
ANIMALS:
Labrador Retrievers (n = 20).
METHOD:

Category: Rehabilitation
Authors: Sullivan MO, Gordon-Evans WJ, Knap KE, Evans RB.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVES:
To evaluate the efficacy of pulsed signal therapy (PST) in reducing pain and increasing function in dogs with osteoarthritis (OA) using a randomized, blinded, controlled clinical trial.
STUDY DESIGN:
Randomized, controlled, blinded clinical trial.
ANIMALS:
Adult dogs (n = 60) with moderate-to-severe clinical signs of OA.
METHODS:

Authors: Torres BT, Moëns NM, Al-Nadaf S, Reynolds LR, Fu YC, Budsberg SC.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To compare overground and treadmill-based gaits of dogs. Animals -5 clinically normal adult mixed-breed dogs. Procedures-To obtain dynamic gait data, 30 retroreflective markers were affixed bilaterally to specific regions of the hind limbs and pelvis of each dog. For each dog, 3-D joint motion data (sagittal [flexion and extension], transverse [internal and external rotation], and frontal [abduction and adduction] planes of motion) for the hip, femorotibial, and tarsal joints were acquired during walking and trotting through a calibrated testing space overground or on a treadmill.

Authors: Zhang N, Dietrich MA, Lopez MJ.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To identify the optimum intra-articular multipotent stromal cell (MSC) tissue source in the canine stifle.
STUDY DESIGN:
Experimental.
SAMPLE POPULATION:
Infrapatellar adipose tissue, synovium lining the joint capsule, and synovium surrounding the cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) from normal stifles of 6 dogs.
METHODS:

Authors: Millard RP, Towle HA, Rankin DC, Roush JK.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To measure the effect of warm compress application on tissue temperature in healthy dogs. Animals-10 healthy mixed-breed dogs. Procedures-Dogs were sedated with hydromorphone (0.1 mg/kg, IV) and diazepam (0.25 mg/kg, IV). Three 24-gauge thermocouple needles were inserted to a depth of 0.5 cm (superficial), 1.0 cm (middle), and 1.5 cm (deep) into a shaved, lumbar, epaxial region to measure tissue temperature. Warm (47°C) compresses were applied with gravity dependence for periods of 5, 10, and 20 minutes.

Category: Rehabilitation
Authors: Millard RP, Towle-Millard HA, Rankin DC, Roush JK.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To measure the effect of cold compress application on tissue temperature in healthy dogs. Animals-10 healthy mixed-breed dogs. Procedures-Dogs were sedated with hydromorphone (0.1 mg/kg, IV) and diazepam (0.25 mg/kg, IV). Three 24-gauge thermocouple needles were inserted to a depth of 0.5 (superficial), 1.0 (middle), and 1.5 (deep) cm into a shaved, lumbar, epaxial region to measure tissue temperature. Cold (-16.8°C) compresses were applied with gravity dependence for periods of 5, 10, and 20 minutes.

Category: Rehabilitation
Authors: Millard RP, Towle-Millard HA, Rankin DC, Roush JK.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To measure the effect of cold compress application on tissue temperature in healthy dogs. Animals-10 healthy mixed-breed dogs. Procedures-Dogs were sedated with hydromorphone (0.1 mg/kg, IV) and diazepam (0.25 mg/kg, IV). Three 24-gauge thermocouple needles were inserted to a depth of 0.5 (superficial), 1.0 (middle), and 1.5 (deep) cm into a shaved, lumbar, epaxial region to measure tissue temperature. Cold (-16.8°C) compresses were applied with gravity dependence for periods of 5, 10, and 20 minutes.

Category: Rehabilitation
Authors: Nishida H, Shoji Y, Nakamura M, Hatoya S, Sugiura K, Yamate J, Kuwamura M, Kotani T, Nakayama M, Suzuki Y, Ide C, Inaba T.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To compare methods for harvesting canine bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and determine the biological properties of canine BMSCs at successive passages in vitro. Sample-BMSCs collected from the femurs of 9 Beagles. Procedures-A fibroblast assay was performed to compare 2 methods for harvesting BMSCs: the aspiration and perfusion method. Flow cytometric analysis was performed to evaluate the cell surface markers. Changes in proliferative activity were analyzed by examining radioactivity of hydrogen 3-thymidine.

Authors: Cuddy LC, Lewis DD, Kim SE, Conrad BP, Banks SA, Horodyski M, Fitzpatrick N, Pozzi A.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To evaluate the effects of antebrachial rotation at 3 elbow flexion angles on contact mechanics and 3-dimensional (3D) alignment of normal dog elbows.
STUDY DESIGN:
Ex vivo biomechanical study.
ANIMALS:
Unpaired thoracic limbs from 18 dogs (mean ± SD weight, 27 ± 4 kg).
METHODS: