Rehabilitation

Authors: Greene LM, Marcellin-Little DJ, Lascelles BD.
Journal: JAVMA

Objective-To evaluate factors associated with lameness severity and hip joint range of motion in dogs with hip dysplasia and to assess the association between hip joint range of motion and degree of lameness. Design-Prospective case series. Animals-60 client-owned Labrador Retrievers with hip dysplasia. Procedures-Owners completed a questionnaire regarding their dogs' daily exercise duration and type (ie, low impact vs high impact) and lifestyle. Range of motion of affected hip joints was measured with a transparent plastic goniometer.

Authors: Brady RB, Sidiropoulos AN, Bennett HJ, Rider PM, Marcellin-Little DJ, Devita P.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To assess differences in sagittal plane joint kinematics and ground reaction forces between lean and obese adult dogs of similar sizes at 2 trotting velocities. Animals-16 adult dogs. Procedures-Dogs with body condition score (BCS) of 8 or 9 (obese dogs; n = 8) and dogs with BCS of 4 or 5 (lean dogs; 8) on a 9-point scale were evaluated. Sagittal plane joint kinematic and ground reaction force data were obtained from dogs trotting at 1.8 and 2.5 m/s with a 3-D motion capture system, a force platform, and 12 infrared markers placed on bony landmarks.

Authors: Smith TJ, Baltzer WI, Jelinski SE, Salinardi BJ.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To report a standardized method of, and determine inter- and intratester reliability for, anthropometric assessment of limb circumference in dogs.
STUDY DESIGN:
Prospective blinded study.
ANIMALS:
Labrador Retrievers (n = 20).
METHOD:

Category: Rehabilitation
Authors: Sullivan MO, Gordon-Evans WJ, Knap KE, Evans RB.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVES:
To evaluate the efficacy of pulsed signal therapy (PST) in reducing pain and increasing function in dogs with osteoarthritis (OA) using a randomized, blinded, controlled clinical trial.
STUDY DESIGN:
Randomized, controlled, blinded clinical trial.
ANIMALS:
Adult dogs (n = 60) with moderate-to-severe clinical signs of OA.
METHODS:

Authors: Torres BT, Moëns NM, Al-Nadaf S, Reynolds LR, Fu YC, Budsberg SC.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To compare overground and treadmill-based gaits of dogs. Animals -5 clinically normal adult mixed-breed dogs. Procedures-To obtain dynamic gait data, 30 retroreflective markers were affixed bilaterally to specific regions of the hind limbs and pelvis of each dog. For each dog, 3-D joint motion data (sagittal [flexion and extension], transverse [internal and external rotation], and frontal [abduction and adduction] planes of motion) for the hip, femorotibial, and tarsal joints were acquired during walking and trotting through a calibrated testing space overground or on a treadmill.

Authors: Zhang N, Dietrich MA, Lopez MJ.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To identify the optimum intra-articular multipotent stromal cell (MSC) tissue source in the canine stifle.
STUDY DESIGN:
Experimental.
SAMPLE POPULATION:
Infrapatellar adipose tissue, synovium lining the joint capsule, and synovium surrounding the cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) from normal stifles of 6 dogs.
METHODS:

Authors: Millard RP, Towle HA, Rankin DC, Roush JK.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To measure the effect of warm compress application on tissue temperature in healthy dogs. Animals-10 healthy mixed-breed dogs. Procedures-Dogs were sedated with hydromorphone (0.1 mg/kg, IV) and diazepam (0.25 mg/kg, IV). Three 24-gauge thermocouple needles were inserted to a depth of 0.5 cm (superficial), 1.0 cm (middle), and 1.5 cm (deep) into a shaved, lumbar, epaxial region to measure tissue temperature. Warm (47°C) compresses were applied with gravity dependence for periods of 5, 10, and 20 minutes.

Category: Rehabilitation
Authors: Millard RP, Towle-Millard HA, Rankin DC, Roush JK.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To measure the effect of cold compress application on tissue temperature in healthy dogs. Animals-10 healthy mixed-breed dogs. Procedures-Dogs were sedated with hydromorphone (0.1 mg/kg, IV) and diazepam (0.25 mg/kg, IV). Three 24-gauge thermocouple needles were inserted to a depth of 0.5 (superficial), 1.0 (middle), and 1.5 (deep) cm into a shaved, lumbar, epaxial region to measure tissue temperature. Cold (-16.8°C) compresses were applied with gravity dependence for periods of 5, 10, and 20 minutes.

Category: Rehabilitation
Authors: Millard RP, Towle-Millard HA, Rankin DC, Roush JK.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To measure the effect of cold compress application on tissue temperature in healthy dogs. Animals-10 healthy mixed-breed dogs. Procedures-Dogs were sedated with hydromorphone (0.1 mg/kg, IV) and diazepam (0.25 mg/kg, IV). Three 24-gauge thermocouple needles were inserted to a depth of 0.5 (superficial), 1.0 (middle), and 1.5 (deep) cm into a shaved, lumbar, epaxial region to measure tissue temperature. Cold (-16.8°C) compresses were applied with gravity dependence for periods of 5, 10, and 20 minutes.

Category: Rehabilitation
Authors: Nishida H, Shoji Y, Nakamura M, Hatoya S, Sugiura K, Yamate J, Kuwamura M, Kotani T, Nakayama M, Suzuki Y, Ide C, Inaba T.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To compare methods for harvesting canine bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and determine the biological properties of canine BMSCs at successive passages in vitro. Sample-BMSCs collected from the femurs of 9 Beagles. Procedures-A fibroblast assay was performed to compare 2 methods for harvesting BMSCs: the aspiration and perfusion method. Flow cytometric analysis was performed to evaluate the cell surface markers. Changes in proliferative activity were analyzed by examining radioactivity of hydrogen 3-thymidine.