Stifle

Authors: Federico Longo, Tommaso Nicetto, Antonio Pozzi, Barbara Contiero, Maurizio Isola

Objective: To describe a three-dimensional (3D) computed tomographic (CT) methodology to measure the tibial torsion angle (TTa) and to evaluate intrarater and interrater agreements and accuracy through comparison with anatomic measurements.

Study design: Ex vivo cadaveric study.

Sample population: Thirty-six tibiae from 18 dogs.

Category: Stifle - Tibia
Authors: Tiffany Chen, Georgia Bosscher, Derek Fox, Courtney Arnoldy, Jason Bleedorn

Objective: To report the preoperative evaluation, treatment with transarticular elastic external skeletal fixation (ESF), and outcome of a dog with bilateral medial patellar luxation (MPL) and stifle rotational deformity.

Animal: One nonambulatory, 2.5-month-old, 7.5-kg mixed-breed intact female dog.

Authors: Masakazu Shimada, Tetsuya Takagi, Nobuo Kanno, Satoshi Yamakawa, Hiromichi Fujie, Tom Ichinohe, Shuji Suzuki, Yasuji Harada, Yasushi Hara

Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the changes in biomechanical characteristics following tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) using simulated manual tests.

Authors: Anna J Schreiner, James P Stannard, Aaron M Stoker, Chantelle C Bozynski, Keiichi Kuroki, Cristi R Cook, James L Cook

Osteochondral allograft (OCA) transplantation can functionally restore large articular defects in the knee. Bipolar OCA transplantations for partial and whole joint resurfacing often have less favorable results than single-surface transplants.

Category: Cartilage - Stifle
Authors: M Lampart, S Knell, A Pozzi

Cranial cruciate ligament rupture is one of the most important diseases in canine orthopedics. Despite the frequent occurrence of the disease and the extensive literature available, there is still controversy about the best treatment method.

Authors: Gudrun S Boge, Karolina Engdahl, Annika Bergström, Ulf Emanuelson, Jeanette Hanson, Odd Höglund, Elena R Moldal, Eystein Skjerve, Randi Krontveit

Objective: To analyse the effect of treatment method and other risk factors on survival in dogs with cranial cruciate ligament disease (CCLD).

Authors: Chris R M Hagen, Ameet Singh, J Scott Weese, Quinn Marshall, Alex Zur Linden, Thomas W G Gibson

Objective: To identify factors associated with surgical site infection (SSI) after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO).

Study design: Retrospective case series.

Animals: Dogs (n = 541) that underwent TPLO (n = 659).

Authors: Bansal S, Miller LM, Patel JM, Meadows KD, Eby MR, Saleh KS, Martin AR, Stoeckl BD, Hast M, Elliott DM, Zgonis MH, Mauck RL

The meniscus plays a central load bearing role in the knee joint. Unfortunately, meniscus injury is common and can lead to joint degeneration and osteoarthritis. In small animal models, progressive degenerative changes occur with unloading of the meniscus via destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM).

Category: Cartilage - Stifle
Authors: Jensen TV, Kristiansen SS, Buelund LE, Miles JE

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ex vivo effects of sequential cranial cruciate ligament transection (CCLx), medial meniscal release (MMR) and triple tibial osteotomy (TTO) on canine

Category: Stifle
Authors: Roca RY, Peura A, Kowaleski MP, Watson MT, Lendhey M, Rocheleau PJ, Hulse DA

OBJECTIVE: To determine the mechanical pull-out properties of a 2.5-mm bone anchor implanted in ex vivo femurs of toy breed dogs and to determine whether there is a difference between knotted and knotless configurations.