Reasons for performing the study Lameness is prevalent in working donkeys and has major welfare implications; however, a detailed study of the associated clinical signs is lacking. Objectives To describe the range and prevalence of clinical signs and conformation associated with lameness in working draught donkeys. Study design Prospective, cross-sectional, observational study. Methods Data were collected from 102 working draught donkeys in Pakistan.
Objectives: 1) To evaluate the bacteriostatic in vitro effect of pure platelet-rich plasma (P-PRP), pure platelet-rich gel (P-PRG), leukocyte-poor gel (LPG), platelet-poor plasma (PPP), and heat inactivated plasma (IP) against methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) over a period of 24 hours. 2) To determine the degradation of platelet factor-4 (PF-4), transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1), and platelet-derived growth factor isoform BB (PDGF-BB) in these equine blood components.
There are no published data on racetrack configuration or the surface conditions of racing in New Zealand. Data on the physical shape and dimensions of racetracks were obtained from Google Earth and an online database (www.nzracing.co.nz). An electronic extract of all race records (horse and track condition details) covering the 7-year period from 2005/2006 to 2011/2012 were obtained from New Zealand Thoroughbred Racing Inc. Track data were examined in relation with the following categories: oval track, egg shaped, and other.
To determine if supplementation of omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (-3 LCPUFA) alters synovial fluid fatty acid composition and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) concentration of mature, healthy horses. Twenty, nonpregnant light breed mares were assigned into one of three daily dietary treatments.
Objective—To determine associations of health status and conformation with competition longevity and lifetime performance in young Swedish Warmblood riding horses.
Design—Cohort study and genetic analysis.
Degenerative changes in sacroiliac joints (SIJ) are reported to cause poor performance in horses. The aim of this study was to document the frequency and nature of changes in SIJ surfaces of Thoroughbred (TB) racehorses and to correlate gross morphology and marginal new bone formation to age, body weight and history of back pain.
Objective—To compare fiber diameter, pore area, compressive stiffness, gelation properties, and selected growth factor content of platelet-rich fibrin gels (PRFGs) and conventional fibrin gels (FGs).
Sample—PRFGs and conventional FGs prepared from the blood of 10 healthy horses.
Reasons for performing study Training regimens of showjumping horses under field conditions are largely undocumented. Objectives The aims of this study were to quantify and compare training regimens used in professional-level showjumping yards, with respect to time exercised and type of activity. Study design Prospective cohort study.
Veterinarians have a key role in providing medical care for sports horses during and between competitions, but the standard client:veterinarian relationship that exists in companion and production animal medicine is distorted by the involvement of third parties in sports medicine, resulting in distinct ethical dilemmas which warrant focused academic attention. By comparing the existing literature on human sports medicine, this article reviews the ethical dilemmas which face veterinarians treating equine athletes, and the role of regulators in contributing to or resolving those dilemmas.
Case Description—A 2-year-old male Suri alpaca was referred for evaluation of severe right forelimb lameness of 2 weeks' duration following a traumatic episode. Clinical Findings—Examination of the distal aspect of the metacarpus revealed 4 wounds exuding purulent material. On weight bearing, the metacarpophalangeal joint was severely hyperextended with the palmar surface touching the ground.