Rehabilitation

Authors: Morrison R1, Penpraze V2, Greening R3, Underwood T3, Reilly JJ4, Yam PS3.
Journal: Vet J

To increase physical activity (PA) levels in dogs and to better evaluate their energy requirements, there is a need to understand which factors orcorrelates are associated with PA and/or sedentary behaviour. Improving our understanding of these correlates also has implications for prescribed energy requirements in dogs. PA was measured using accelerometry in 62 dogs from two common breeds (Labrador retrievers and Cocker spaniels).

Category: Rehabilitation
Authors: Fischer S, Anders A, Nolte I, Schilling N.
Journal: Vet J

This study evaluated adaptations in vertical force and temporal gait parameters to hind limb lameness in walking and trotting dogs. Eight clinically normal adult Beagles were allowed to ambulate on an instrumented treadmill at their preferred speed while the ground reaction forces were recorded for all limbs before and after a moderate, reversible, hind limb lameness was induced. At both gaits, vertical force was decreased in the ipsilateral and increased in the contralateral hind limb.

Authors: de Bakker E, Peremans K, Vermeire S, Vandermeulen E, Dobbeleir A, Dik KJ, Gielen I, Saunders JH, Van Ryssen B
Journal: VCOT

Objective: To investigate the possibilities and limitations of planar bone scintigraphy and high resolution single photon emission computed tomography (HiSPECT) to diagnose flexor enthesopathy and to distinguish primary flexor enthesopathy from the concomitant form. Materials and methods: A prospective study of 46 dogs with primary flexor enthesopathy, concomitant flexor enthesopathy, medial coronoid disease, and normal elbows was performed. All dogs underwent planar bone scintigraphy and HiSPECT imaging.

Authors: Hardie RJ, Lewallen JT.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To describe use of a custom orthotic boot for management of distal extremity and pad wounds in dogs.
STUDY DESIGN:
Clinical report.
ANIMALS:
Dogs (n = 3).
METHODS:

Authors: Hardie RJ, Lewallen JT.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To describe use of a custom orthotic boot for management of distal extremity and pad wounds in dogs.
STUDY DESIGN:
Clinical report.
ANIMALS:
Dogs (n = 3).
METHODS:

Authors: Jarvis SL, Worley DR, Hogy SM, Hill AE, Haussler KK, Reiser RF 2nd.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To characterize biomechanical differences in gait between dogs with and without an amputated thoracic limb. Animals-Client-owned dogs (16 thoracic-limb amputee and 24 quadruped [control] dogs). Procedures-Dogs were trotted across 3 in-series force platforms. Spatial kinematic and kinetic data were recorded for each limb during the stance phase. Results-Amputees had significant increases in stance duration and vertical impulse in all limbs, compared with values for control dogs.

Authors: Hogy SM, Worley DR, Jarvis SL, Hill AE, Reiser RF 2nd, Haussler KK.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To evaluate biomechanical gait adaptations in dogs after amputation of a pelvic limb. Animals-Client-owned dogs (12 pelvic limb-amputee and 24 quadruped [control] dogs). Procedures-Dogs were trotted across 3 in-series force platforms. Spatial kinematic and kinetic data were recorded for each limb during the stance phase. Results-Pelvic limb amputees had increased peak braking forces in the contralateral thoracic limb and increased propulsive forces and impulses in both the ipsilateral thoracic limb and remaining pelvic limb.

Authors: Carr JG, Millis DL, Weng HY.
Journal: JSAP

OBJECTIVES:
To evaluate overall joint range of motion of the forelimb in healthy dogs ascending stairs compared with incline slope walking.
METHODS:
Normal canine forelimb kinematics (range of motion, flexion and extension) were compared during ascent of stairs or a ramp, and compared to unimpeded trotting on a flat surface. Eight adult dogs with no evidence of orthopaedic or neurological lameness were assessed using a 2-dimensional kinematic system as they walked up a custom built ramp and stairs.
RESULTS:

Category: Rehabilitation
Authors: Brady RB, Sidiropoulos AN, Bennett HJ, Rider PM, Marcellin-Little DJ, Devita P.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To assess differences in sagittal plane joint kinematics and ground reaction forces between lean and obese adult dogs of similar sizes at 2 trotting velocities. Animals-16 adult dogs. Procedures-Dogs with body condition score (BCS) of 8 or 9 (obese dogs; n = 8) and dogs with BCS of 4 or 5 (lean dogs; 8) on a 9-point scale were evaluated. Sagittal plane joint kinematic and ground reaction force data were obtained from dogs trotting at 1.8 and 2.5 m/s with a 3-D motion capture system, a force platform, and 12 infrared markers placed on bony landmarks.

Authors: Case JB, Palmer R, Valdes-Martinez A, Egger EL, Haussler KK.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To report clinical findings and outcome in a dog with gastrocnemius tendon strain treated with autologous mesenchymal stem cells and a custom orthosis.
STUDY DESIGN:
Clinical report.
ANIMAL:
A 4-year-old spayed female Border Collie.
METHODS:
Bone-marrow derived, autologous mesenchymal stem cells were transplanted into the tendon core lesion. A custom, progressive, dynamic orthosis was fit to the tarsus. Serial orthopedic examinations and ultrasonography as well as long-term force-plate gait analysis were utilized for follow up.
RESULTS: