Despite being one of the most commonly diagnosed causes of canine hind limb lameness, the pathogenesis of medial patellar luxation remains incompletely understood. Most cases are considered developmental with anatomical deformities leading to failure of the stifle extensor mechanism. These include coxa vara, coxa valga, reduced anteversion angle, distal external femoral torsion, excessive distal femoral varus, internal proximal tibial torsion, proximal tibial valgus, tibial tuberosity medialisation, patella alta and shallow trochlear groove.
Case description: A 7.5-year-old 37.8-kg (83.2-lb) sexually intact male German Shepherd Dog (dog 1) and a 2.6-year-old 28.2-kg (62.0-lb) sexually intact male Dutch Shepherd (dog 2), both apprehension police dogs, were admitted for evaluation of left and right thoracic limb lameness, respectively.
Transarticular elastic external skeletal fixator correction of a stifle rotational deformity and patellar luxation in a dog
Objective: To report the preoperative evaluation, treatment with transarticular elastic external skeletal fixation (ESF), and outcome of a dog with bilateral medial patellar luxation (MPL) and stifle rotational deformity.
Animal: One nonambulatory, 2.5-month-old, 7.5-kg mixed-breed intact female dog.
Risk factors for reluxation after toggle rod stabilization for treatment of coxofemoral luxation in 128 dogs
Objective: Evaluate the risk factors for reluxation and outcomes for dogs with a toggle rod construct.
Study design: Retrospective case series.
Animals: One hundred twenty-eight client-owned dogs.
Traumatic medial luxation of the triceps brachii tendon with medial subluxation of the elbow joint in a dog
Objective To describe the surgical reduction of luxation of the triceps brachii tendon in a dog.
Animal One 2.5‐year‐old 2.58 kg castrated male toy poodle.
Study design Clinical case report.
Segmental Femoral Ostectomy for the Reconstruction of Femoropatellar Joint in Dogs with Grade IV Medial Patellar Luxation
Objective: The aim of this study was to describe a new surgical method of segmental femoral ostectomy for the reconstruction of the femoropatellar joint (FPJ) in dogs with medial patellar luxation (MPL) grade IV.
Multi-Centre retrospective study of the long-term outcome following suspected traumatic elbow luxation in 32 cats
OBJECTIVES: To describe reduction techniques and clinical outcome in a series of traumatic elbow luxations in cats.
Use of combined transarticular pinning and external skeletal fixation for the reduction and stabilization of multiple metatarsophalangeal luxations in a cat
Case summary: A 1-year-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat presented for evaluation of a non-weight bearing right pelvic limb lameness after falling from a 4 m height. On orthopedic examination there was substantial swelling and pain on manipulation of the right pes. Radiographs were obtained under sedation, and these revealed dorsoproximal luxations of the third, fourth and fifth metatarsophalangeal joints, and lateral rotation of the second digit.
Coxofemoral Joint Luxation in Dogs Treated with Toggle Rod Stabilization: A Multi-Institutional Retrospective Review with Client Survey
Coxofemoral luxation is the most common type of joint luxation observed clinically in dogs.
This retrospective study determines the complications and outcomes of open reduction and internal fixation of coxofemoral luxations using a toggle rod stabilization in 58 dogs. The purpose of the study was to compare the results with previous studies to ascertain commonalities and differences.