Authors: Oliver Gilman, Leticia Escauriaza, Dan Ogden, Helene Vandenberghe, Darren Roper, Bill Oxley, Nicolas Granger

Objective: The aim of this study was to report new preoperative and intraoperative techniques performed for canine thoracic or lumbar spine kyphosis stabilization using three-dimensional-printed patient-specific drill guides, polyaxial titanium bone plates and drill stops, and to determine the accuracy of screw placement using these techniques.

Study design: Retrospective study, five client-owned dogs.

Category: Spine
Authors: Jos J Bongers, Nathan Wilkinson, Manabu Kurihara, Janis P Bridges, Wendy Baltzer, Andrew J Worth

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of pedicle screw placement at the canine lumbosacral junction using a novel unilateral three-dimensional printed patient-specific guide (3D-PSG) versus a freehand drilling technique. Additionally, accuracy of screw placement between a novice and an experienced surgeon was determined.

Category: Spine
Authors: Hirofumi Tanoue, Masakazu Shimada, Tom Ichinohe, Nobuo Kanno, Shuji Suzuki, Yasuji Harada, Yasushi Hara

Objective: To retrospectively review the efficacy of combined surgery comprising dorsal laminectomy and dorsal fixation using screws and polymethylmethacrylate as treatment for dogs with degenerative lumbosacral stenosis (DLSS).

Animals: 21 client owned dogs diagnosed with DLSS and treated surgically.

Category: Spine
Authors: John Hanlon, Caleb C Hudson, Alan S Litsky, Stephen C Jones

Objective: To assess the feasibility and mechanical stability of sacroiliac (SI) joint stabilization using 2 short 3.5 mm cortical screws, each spanning an average of 23% of the width of the sacral body.

Study design: Cadaveric experimental study.

Sample population: Twenty-four canine pelvis specimens.

Authors: T Aikawa, Y Miyazaki, S Kihara, Y Saitoh, M Nishimura, S L Stephan, C W Dewey

Objectives: To describe the diagnostic findings, surgical technique and outcomes in seven pugs with thoracolumbar vertebral instability due to articular process anomalies.

Category: Spine
Authors: Carlos Ros, Roberto José-López, Anna Suñol, Patricia Montoliu, Vicente Aige, Alejandra García de Carellán Mateo, Cristina Font

Objective: To describe the clinical and neurologic signs, diagnostic investigations, definitive or presumptive diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of dogs presented with acute onset central cord syndrome (CCS).

Animals: 74 client-owned dogs evaluated for CCS at 5 referral hospitals between January 2016 and March 2021.

Category: Spine
Authors: Sara Silva, Julien Guevar, Roberto José-López, Steven De Decker, Josep Brocal, Cristian de la Fuente, Alexane Durand, Franck Forterre, Natasha Olby, Rodrigo Gutierrez-Quintana

Background: As they have been seldomly described in the veterinary literature, the aims of this retrospective study were to describe the clinical presentation, MRI findings and long-term outcome after medical or surgical treatment of dogs presenting with foraminal and far lateral thoracolumbar intervertebral disc herniations.

Category: Spine
Authors: V Argent, R Perillo, N Jeffery, P Freeman

Objectives: Report the rate of recurrent clinical signs following successful treatment of cervical intervertebral disc extrusion, and explore the association between treatment method and recurrence.

Category: Spine
Authors: B Jones, S Behr, T Shaw, R Cappello, N Jeffery, F X Liebel, T Harcourt-Brown

Objectives: To report the surgical techniques being used to treat single focal spinal intra-arachnoid diverticula in dogs, their complications and immediate postoperative outcomes.

Materials and methods: Retrospective multi-centre case series across four referral centres.

Category: Spine
Authors: K V Kristiansen, H Schmökel, S Vermeire

Objective: The aim of this study was to review and describe cases of thoracolumbar (TL) hydrated nucleus pulposus extrusion (HNPE) diagnosed with magnetic resonance imaging and surgery, and compare them to cases of cervical (C) HNPE.

Study design: Retrospective, single-center study.

Category: Spine