Rehabilitation

Authors: Vezzoni A, Dravelli G, Vezzoni L, De Lorenzi M, Corbari A, Cirla A, Nassuato C, Tranquillo V.
Journal: VCOT

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of juvenile pubic symphysiodesis (JPS) in a clinical setting for the early treatment of canine hip dysplasia (CHD), and to identify its indications and contraindications. METHODS: The final degree of CHD using the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) CHD classification in 5 Grades (A, B, C, D, E) was assessed at skeletal maturity in two homogeneous groups of dogs assessed at the age of 14 to 22 weeks and selected according to their susceptibility to CHD; one group was treated with JPS and one group was conservatively managed.

Authors: Forterre F, Konar M, Spreng D, Jaggy A, Lang J.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE: To describe the influence of fenestration at the disc herniation site on recurrence in thoracolumbar disc disease of chondrodystrophoid dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Chondrodystrophic dogs (n=19). METHODS: Dogs were divided into 2 groups: group 1 (9 dogs) had thoracolumbar disc extrusion (Hansen type I) treated by hemilaminectomy and concomitant fenestration of the affected intervertebral disc and group 2 (10 dogs) had hemilaminectomy without fenestration.

Category: Rehabilitation - Spine
Authors: Drygas KA, Taylor R, Sidebotham CG, Hugate RR, McAlexander H.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE: To report surgical planning, technique, and long-term outcome of custom transcutaneous tibial implants used to restore ambulation after bilateral pelvic limb amputation in a dog. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMALS: A 4-year-old, 25.5 kg, female spayed, Siberian Husky. METHODS: Computed tomographic scans of the pelvic limbs were used to build sterolithographic models of the remaining tibia after bilateral amputation of the distal aspect of the tibiae. The sterolithographic models facilitated fabrication of implants that would replace the missing distal segments of the tibiae.

Authors: Chan DL.
Journal: J Small Anim Pract.

The role of nutrition in the management of diseases has often centred on correcting apparent nutrient deficiencies or meeting estimated nutritional requirements of patients. Nutrition has traditionally been considered a supportive measure akin to fluid therapy and rarely it has been considered a primary means of ameliorating diseases.

Authors: Daniel A, Read RA, Cake MA.
Journal: Am J Vet Res.

OBJECTIVE: To apply a novel technique and use the number and size (diameter and mean area) of vascular foramina to estimate potential blood supply in the metacarpophalangeal bones of dogs. ANIMALS: 28 Greyhounds. PROCEDURES: The forelimb sesamoid bones of 23 dogs were obtained after dogs were euthanized. Bones were isolated and examined by scanning electron microscopy. The number, diameter, and area of vascular foramina were determined by image analysis. Arterial distribution was assessed by use of resin injection in the sesamoid bones of 5 additional dogs.

Authors: Andreen T, Bengtsson K, Lundman K, Taube A.
Journal: Vet Rec

No abstract available

Authors: Whatmough C, Moores AP, Magalhaes RS, Lamb CR.
Journal: Vet Rad Ultrasound

Caudocranial stifle radiographs with variations in positioning were made in two greyhound cadavers. Radiographs were repeated after each of three interventions: cranial cruciate desmotomy; release of the caudal horn of the medial meniscus; complete medial meniscectomy. The joint space on medial and lateral aspects of the joint was measured by a observer who was unaware of positioning or intervention. One dog had significantly wider joint space than the other (1.0 vs. 1.5mm). The lateral aspect of the joint space was wider than the medial aspect (1.7 vs. 0.7 mm).

Authors: D. B. Guastella1, D. B. Fox2, J. L. Cook2
Journal: VCOT

Objectives: To compare tibial plateau angle (TPA) among Labrador Retrievers, Rottweilers, Boxers, and German Shepherd Dogs that had undergone tibial plateau leveling osteotomies (TPLO) for cranial cruciate ligament disease, and to determine if higher TPAs are associated with increased risk for concurrent meniscal injury. Methods: This was a retrospective study including 275 client-owned dogs of one of the four aforementioned breeds that received TPLO radiographs between 1999 and 2005 prior to undergoing the TPLO procedure.

Authors: N. J. Burton1, J. A. Dobney2, M. R. Owen1, G. R. Colborne2
Journal: VCOT

Fragmented medial coronoid process (FMCP) is the most common cause of forelimb lameness in juvenile medium and large breed dogs; however methods of assessing the disruption to their gait remain subjective. The purpose of this study was to objectively quantify the mechanical disruptions to gait in dogs with arthroscopically confirmed unilateral FMCP. Seven dogs underwent full inverse dynamic analysis at the time of diagnosis. Kinematic and force data were collected from both forelimbs at trot.

Category: Elbow - Rehabilitation