Rehabilitation

Authors: R. B. Evans1, W. J. Gordon-Evans1, M. G. Conzemius2
Journal: VCOT

The objective of this review and analysis was to compare arthroscopy, medial arthrotomy and medical management for treating fragmented coronoid process in the dog. The data come from manuscripts published in peer-reviewed veterinary journals, and the study design is a systematic review followed by meta-analysis. The meta-analysis combines data from a set of studies so that surgical techniques and medial management can be compared in a single analysis.

Authors: Farrell M, Clements DN, Mellor D, Gemmill T, Clarke SP, Arnott JL, Bennett D, Carmichael S.
Journal: Vet Rec

The long-term outcome for dogs treated non-surgically for clinical signs of canine hip dysplasia were evaluated retrospectively; 74 dogs were evaluated by a postal questionnaire sent to their owners, and 24 of these were also evaluated by a veterinary clinical examination. A total of 11 outcome variables were evaluated.

Authors: Lascelles BD, Findley K, Correa M, Marcellin-Little D, Roe S.
Journal: Vet Rec

The kinetic parameters of the limbs of 23 normal, client-owned cats were evaluated by encouraging them to walk and jump normally on a pressure-sensitive walkway. Each cat was encouraged to walk across the walkway five times over a period of 30 to 45 minutes (by using food, toys, the owner's presence and a purpose-built tunnel) at a target speed of 0.6 m/s (and an acceleration of less than +/- 0.1 m/s(2)). They were then encouraged to jump on to the walkway from a height of 1 m five times at five-minute intervals.

Authors: Crook T, McGowan C, Pead M.
Journal: Vet Rec

Ten labrador retrievers and their owners undertook a programme to determine the effect of passive stretching on the dogs' osteoarthritic joints, which had a restricted range of motion. The range of motion of the joints was measured before and after the 21-day study, during which the owners performed 10 passive stretches for a hold of 10 seconds twice daily. Goniometric measurements showed that the passive stretching had significantly increased the range of motion of the joints.

Authors: Moreau M, Lussier B, Doucet M, Vincent G, Martel-Pelletier J, Pelletier JP
Journal: Vet Rec

To evaluate the effect of licofelone, an arachidonic acid substrate with combined inhibitory activity against 5-lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenases 1 and 2, a double-blind, randomised and placebo-controlled study was conducted in 33 client-owned dogs that were lame owing to hindlimb osteoarthritis. Seventeen of the dogs received a placebo and 16 were treated with 2.5 mg/kg licofelone twice a day for 28 days.

Authors: Mueller M, Bockstahler B, Skalicky M, Mlacnik E, Lorinson D.
Journal: Vet Rec

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of extracorporeal radial shock wave therapy on the hindlimb function of dogs suffering from hip osteoarthritis. Twenty-four client-owned dogs with hip osteoarthritis were investigated; 18 of them received radial shockwave therapy and six were left untreated as controls.

Authors: Leblanc CJ, Horohov DW, Bauer JE, Hosgood G, Mauldin GE.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To evaluate the effect of diets enriched with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on in vivo production of interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), and platelet-activating factor (PAF) in dogs. Animals-15 young healthy dogs. Procedures-Dogs were randomly allocated to receive an isocaloric ration supplemented with sunflower oil (n = 5), fish oil (5), or fish oil plus vitamin E (5) for 12 weeks.

Authors: Cabrera SY, Owen TJ, Mueller MG, Kass PH.
Journal: JAVMA

Objective-To compare tibial plateau angle (TPA) in dogs with unilateral versus bilateral cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture, to compare right versus left TPA in dogs with bilateral CCL rupture, and to determine whether TPA can be used to predict whether a dog with unilateral CCL rupture would subsequently rupture the contralateral CCL. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-150 dogs with unilateral (n = 58) or bilateral (92) CCL rupture. Procedures-Medical records were reviewed and TPA was recorded.

Authors: Mostafa AA, Griffon DJ, Thomas MW, Constable PD.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the contribution of proximodistal alignment of the patella to patellar luxation, and to evaluate the structures contributing to proximodistal alignment of the patella relative to the femoral trochlea. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study using a convenience sample. ANIMALS: Medium to giant breed dogs (n=106). METHODS: Medical records and stifle radiographs of 106 dogs were reviewed.

Authors: Carrera I, Hammond GJ, Sullivan M.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVES: To describe computed tomographic (CT) features of canine elbows with incomplete ossification of the humeral condyle (IOHC) and investigate co-existing incongruence in the elbow joint. STUDY DESIGN: Case control study. ANIMALS: Dogs with IOHC (n=20; 38 elbows) and 25 normal elbows. METHODS: Elbows with IOHC and normal elbows were assessed by CT.