Rehabilitation

Authors: Franch J, Bertran J, Remolins G, Fontecha P, Diaz-Bertrana C, Durall I.
Journal: VCOT

A case of bilateral fibrotic contracture of the infraspinatus muscles in a five-year-old Belgian Shepherd dog is described. The dog was presented with progressive forelimb lameness with postural and gait abnormalities three months after an episode of overexertion. When walking, the lower part of both forelimbs swung in a lateral arc causing a circumduction movement and in the standing position, the dog showed elbow adduction with external rotation of the distal part of both front limbs.

Authors: Franch J, Bertran J, Remolins G, Fontecha P, Diaz-Bertrana C, Durall I.
Journal: VCOT

A case of bilateral fibrotic contracture of the infraspinatus muscles in a five-year-old Belgian Shepherd dog is described. The dog was presented with progressive forelimb lameness with postural and gait abnormalities three months after an episode of overexertion. When walking, the lower part of both forelimbs swung in a lateral arc causing a circumduction movement and in the standing position, the dog showed elbow adduction with external rotation of the distal part of both front limbs.

Authors: Langley-Hobbs SJ, Ball S, McKee WM.
Journal: Vet Record

Ten cats with a mean age of eight years and five months had suffered proximal transverse tibial fractures; in four of them both tibiae had fractured at different times. All the cats also had bilateral non-union patellar fractures, and nine of them had evidence of fractures elsewhere, including acetabular, ischial, humeral condylar and rib fractures, which had occurred before or after the tibial fractures. All the tibial fractures were proximal and transverse.

Authors: Sanderson RO, Beata C, Flipo RM, Genevois JP, Macias C, Tacke S, Vezzoni A, Innes JF.
Journal: Vet Record

This review assesses the evidence for the efficacy of therapies used in the management of osteoarthritis in dogs on the basis of papers published in peer-reviewed journals in English between 1985 and July 2007. Sixty-eight papers were identified and evaluated. They considered four alternative therapies, one use of functional food, two intra-articular agents, six nutraceutical agents, 21 pharmacological agents, two physical therapies, three surgical techniques and two combinations of weight control.

Authors: Jerre S.
Journal: VCOT

Patients at the Blue Star Foundation animal hospital in Gothenburg, Sweden, underwent a procedure with an extracapsular suture technique for cranial cruciate ligament rupture. Two groups were compared; one of the groups received rehabilitation by the owner, and the other received professional rehabilitation by a trained physiotherapists. The dogs where reexamined at four, 12 and 24 weeks postoperatively. The results were 'good' in both groups but a difference was not seen between the groups.

Category: Knee - Rehabilitation
Authors: Field JR, Stanley R, Appleyard R, McGee M, Callary S, Nilsson K.
Journal: VCOT

OBJECTIVES: The quantitation of the impact of hemiarthroplasty currently involves clinical outcome measures and radiographic evaluation. This study used in vivo and in vitro means in order to evaluate articular cartilage changes following hemiarthroplasty in the sheep. METHODS: Radiostereometric analysis (RSA) was utilized in order to quantitate migration (penetration) in vivo of the femoral head into the articular cartilage of the acetabulum. Dynamic stiffness of retrieved specimens was quantitated in vitro using a handheld device.

Authors: Lister SA, Roush JK, Renberg WC, Stephens CL
Journal: VCOT

Coxofemoral denervation has success rates of 90-96% reported retrospectively for palliative treatment of hip dysplasia. The aim of this study was to objectively evaluate ground reaction forces (GRF) in dysplastic dogs after unilateral denervation. Unilateral coxofemoral denervation was performed by means of a previously reported technique on 10 dogs with asymmetric gait. GRF were measured at zero, one and three months. Statistical analysis was performed using repeated measures analysis of variance and paired t-tests, with p

Authors: Horstman CL, McLaughlin RM, Elder SH, Pool RR Jr, Read RR, Boyle CR.
Journal: VCOT

OBJECTIVE: To determine the short- and long-term changes in the biomechanical properties and metabolic activity of articular cartilage following the remote application of bipolar radiofrequency (bRF) and monopolar radiofrequency (mRF) energy within the rabbit stifle joint. METHODS: The rabbits were randomly assigned to either Group-1 (normal rabbit food), or they were assigned to Group-2 (2% Cosequin((R)) in the diet). Each rabbit underwent bilateral stifle arthroscopy with either bRF or mRF applied to the infrapatellar fat pad for 45 seconds.

Authors: MIKE CONZEMIUS, DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVS 1
Journal: Vet Surg

ABSTRACT
Objective—To review development of a nonconstrained total elbow replacement system for use in dogs and report the surgical technique used for implantation.
Study Design—Descriptive report.
Animals—Dogs with chronic elbow osteoarthritis (OA) unresponsive to medical management for at least 1 year.

Authors: Katic N, Bockstahler BA, Mueller M, Peham C.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To evaluate the applicability of Fourier analysis for assessment of ground reaction forces (GRFs) and differentiation between dogs with unilateral hind limb lameness caused by degenerative joint disease of the hip (DJD-H) and dogs without lameness. Animals-37 dogs with or without unilateral DJD-H. Procedures-Data were obtained from other studies and analyzed retrospectively.