Objective: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the kinematic characteristics of pelvic limb joints in orthopaedically normal dogs during stair ascent. Design: Prospective study. Procedure: Eight hound-type dogs were fitted with reflective spheres at palpable landmarks, including the tuber ischium, greater trochanter, cranial dorsal iliac spine, lateral epicondyle of the femur, lateral malleolus, and the base of the fifth metatarsal bone. Each dog was walked up a set of custom made stairs consisting of four steps and then trotted across a level test space.
Objectives: To report the concentration of blood cells and selected growth factors in canine autologous conditioned plasma (ACP). Methods: The density of blood cells in whole blood (WB), ACP and standard plasma preparation (SP) of 10 healthy mature dogs was determined.
Measurement of body composition in cats using computed tomography and dual energy x-ray absorptiometry.
Journal: Vet Radiol Ultrasound
Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) is a reference method for assessing body composition but is seldom `accessible in veterinary settings. Computed tomography (CT) can provide similar body composition estimates and we propose that it can be used in body composition studies in animals. We compared CT and DEXA data from 73 healthy adult neutered domestic cats. Three approaches for measuring adipose tissue percentage from full-body CT scans were explored.
Clinical evaluation of meloxicam versus ketoprofen in cats suffering from painful acute locomotor disorders.
Journal: J Feline Med Surg
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and palatability of meloxicam 0.5mg/ml oral suspension, compared to ketoprofen tablets in cats suffering from painful acute locomotor disorders. This single blinded, positively-controlled, randomised, multicentre trial involved 121 client owned cats. Cats received either meloxicam (0.5mg/ml oral suspension) at 0.1mg/kg on day 1 followed by 0.05mg/kg q 24h on days 2-5, or ketoprofen 5mg tablets at 1.0mg/kg q 24h for 5 days. The efficacy of the two treatments was assessed subjectively by clinicians on day 6 using a clinical sum score (CSS).
Journal: Aust Vet J
Fibrotic myopathy of the iliopsoas muscle developed in a dog, following extensive migration of a grass awn within the muscle and adjacent subcutaneous tissue. The dog was initially presented for evaluation of a fluctuant swelling over the right flank region. The clinical and imaging findings were suggestive of iliopsoas fibrotic myopathy and the diagnosis was confirmed by histopathology.
Evaluation of S-Adenosyl l-Methionine in a Double-Blinded, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Clinical Trial for Treatment of Presumptive Osteoarthritis in the Dog.
Journal: Vet Surg
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of S-adenosyl l-methionine (SAMe) in the treatment of clinically inferred canine osteoarthritis (OA). Study Design: Six weeks, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, clinical trial. Animals: Dogs (n=33) with clinical signs, history, and orthopedic exams consistent with OA. Methods: Dogs were block randomized by body condition score (<6/9, or ≥6/9) into either the placebo or SAMe group.
We evaluated four measurement devices for obtaining circumferential measurements at four locations on the canine hindlimb and forelimb. We hypothesised that these devices would be consistent and precise in the hands of veterinary professionals with varying experience levels. Circumferential measurements were made in five dogs with no history or clinical evidence of orthopaedic disease. Measurements were obtained in triplicate by three observers at mid-thigh, tibial tuberosity, hock and carpus bilaterally.
Effectiveness of the homeopathic preparation Zeel compared with carprofen in dogs with osteoarthritis.
The authors compared the symptomatic effectiveness of a complex homeopathic preparation Zeel (1-3 tablets orally per day depending on body weight) to carprofen (4 mg/kg body weight) in dogs (n=68) aged >1 yr diagnosed with osteoarthritis in a multicenter, prospective, observational open-label cohort study in 12 German veterinary clinics. The active treatment period was 56 days. Symptomatic effectiveness, lameness, stiffness of movements, and pain on palpation were evaluated by treating veterinarians and owners.
tem generation and design testing of a questionnaire to assess degenerative joint disease-associated pain in cats.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the items (question topics) for a subjective instrument to assess degenerative joint disease (DJD)-associated chronic pain in cats and determine the instrument design most appropriate for use by cat owners.
ANIMALS: 100 randomly selected client-owned cats from 6 months to 20 years old.
Effects of partial immersion in water on vertical ground reaction forces and weight distribution in dogs.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of partial immersion in water on vertical ground reaction force (vGRF) and vGRF distribution in dogs.
ANIMALS: 10 healthy adult dogs.