Rehabilitation

Authors: Kisiel AH, McDuffee LA, Masaoud E, Bailey TR, Esparza Gonzalez BP, Nino-Fong R.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To isolate and characterize mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from canine muscle and periosteum and compare proliferative capacities of bone marrow-, adipose tissue-, muscle-, and periosteum-derived MSCs (BMSCs, AMSCs, MMSCs, and PMSCs, respectively). Sample-7 canine cadavers. Procedures-MSCs were characterized on the basis of morphology, immunofluorescence of MSC-associated cell surface markers, and expression of pluripotency-associated transcription factors.

Authors: Sharp B.
Journal: J Feline Med Surg

Practical relevance: Physiotherapy is highly valued within human medicine and relatively well established for canine patients. Despite a popular misconception that feline patients will not cooperate with such treatment, physiotherapy is now increasingly being performed with cats. With cat ownership increasing in many countries, and an emergence of specialist physiotherapy practitioners, there is demand for effective postoperative and post-injury rehabilitation for any cat with compromised physical function due to injury, surgery or disease.

Authors: Sharp B.
Journal: J Feline Med Surg

Practical relevance: There is an increasing demand for effective postoperative and post-injury rehabilitation for any cat with compromised physical function due to injury, surgery or disease. Clinical challenges: The design of a suitable rehabilitation programme that will assist the recovery process, as well as ensure the return of neuromusculoskeletal control to the highest levels of function possible, requires a good understanding of feline behaviour, accurate assessment of the cat's condition and the correct implementation of a range of physiotherapeutic modalities.

Authors: Devasconcellos P, Balla VK, Bose S, Fugazzi R, Dernell WS, Bandyopadhyay A.
Journal: VCOT

Objectives: To design, manufacture and analyze custom implants with functional gradation in macrostructure for attachment of amputation prostheses. Methods: The external shape of the implant was designed by extracting geometrical data of canine cadavers from computed tomography (CT) scans to suit the bone cavity. Three generations of implant designs were developed and were optimized with the help of fit/fill and mechanical performance of implant-cadaver bone assembly using CT analysis and compression testing, respectively.

Authors: Miqueleto NS, Rahal SC, Agostinho FS, Siqueira EG, Araújo FA, El-Warrak AO.
Journal: Vet J

This study investigated kinematic patterns in clinically normal German Shepherd dogs (GSDs) compared to those with hip dysplasia and with no clinical signs of lameness. Two groups of GSDs, including 10 clinically healthy dogs (G1) and 10 with hip dysplasia (G2), were trotted on a treadmill at a constant speed. Kinematic data were collected by a 3-camera system and analysed by a motion-analysis program. Flexion and extension joint angles and angular velocities were determined for the shoulder, elbow, carpal, hip, stifle, and tarsal joints.

Category: Hip - Rehabilitation
Authors: Kaijima M, Foutz TL, McClendon RW, Budsberg SC.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To evaluate the accuracy of artificial neural networks (ANNs) for use in predicting subjective diagnostic scores of lameness with variables determined from ground reaction force (GRF) data. Animals-21 adult mixed-breed dogs. Procedures-The left cranial cruciate ligament of each dog was transected to induce osteoarthritis of the stifle joint as part of another study. Lameness scores were assigned and GRF data were collected 2 times before and 5 times after ligament transection. Inputs and the output for each ANN were GRF variables and a lameness score, respectively.

Authors: Nishida H, Nakayama M, Tanaka H, Kitamura M, Hatoya S, Sugiura K, Harada Y, Suzuki Y, Ide C, Inaba T.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and safety of transplantation of autologous bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC) in dogs with acute spinal cord injury (SCI). STUDY DESIGN: An open-label single-arm trial. ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 7) with severe SCI from T6 to L5, caused by vertebral fracture and luxation. METHODS: Decompressive and stabilization surgery was performed on dogs with severe SCI caused by vertebral fracture and luxation. Autologous BMSCs were obtained from each dog's femur, cultured, and then injected into the lesion in the acute stage.

Authors: Seibert R, Marcellin-Little DJ, Roe SC, Depuy V, Lascelles BD.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To determine whether there is a difference between the ability of peak vertical force (PVF), vertical impulse (VI), and percentage body weight distribution (%BW(dist) ) in differentiating which leg is most affected by hip joint pain before total hip replacement (THR) surgery, and for measuring changes in limb use after THR surgery.
STUDY DESIGN:
Prospective clinical study.
ANIMALS:
Dogs (n = 47).
METHODS:

Authors: Gallagher A, Cross AR, Sepulveda G.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To determine if shock wave therapy (SWT) after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) has a beneficial effect on patellar ligament inflammation assessed by thickening of the ligament and ligament fiber disruption.
STUDY DESIGN:
Prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial.
ANIMALS:
Dogs (n = 30).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: