Rehabilitation

Authors: Nicola Hagemeister 1,2,3 PhD, Bertrand Lussier 4 , DVM, MSc, Diplomate ACVS, Emna Jaafar 3 , MEng, Julien Clément 3 , MEng, and Yvan Petit 1,3 PhD
Journal: Veterinary Surgery

ABSTRACT
Objective: To design an experimental testing apparatus simulating a quasi-static model of the stance phase at a trot for a normal and a cranial cruciate ligament (CCL)-deficient stifle under near physiologic conditions.
Study Design: In vitro biomechanical study.
Animals: Paired pelvic limbs (n=6) from 3 dogs, weighing 29.5–31 kg.

Authors: German AJ, Holden SL, Morris PJ, Biourge V.
Journal: AJVR

OBJECTIVE:To assess performance of a portable bioimpedance monitor for measurement of body composition in dogs. ANIMALS: 24 client-owned dogs. PROCEDURES: Percentage body fat was measured via dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and with a portable bioimpedance monitor, and body condition score (BCS) was measured by use of a 9-integer scale. RESULTS: Although the precision of the bioimpedance monitor was good, this varied among dogs. Body position (standing vs sternal) had no effect on bioimpedance results.

Authors: Beraud R, Moreau M, Lussier B.
Journal: VCOT

Objective: To evaluate the effects of moderate exercise on kinetic gait analysis using a force platform in dogs with hindlimb lameness due to osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: Ten control dogs (Control) and 10 dogs presented with chronic and stable hindlimb lameness (OA) were recruited. Dogs were subjected to force platform gait analysis to determine baseline data.

Authors: Rohdin C, Karlstam E, Jäderlund KH, Shelton GD.
Journal: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery

PRESENTATION: This report describes a kitten with paraplegia and extensor rigidity of the pelvic limbs associated with motor neuron loss and chronic denervation of skeletal muscle. Persistent skeletal muscle atrophy and degeneration had resulted in immobile stifle and hock joints and severe pelvic limb rigidity consistent with a neurogenic form of arthrogryposis. Both pelvic limbs were equally affected and the kitten showed no signs of pain. INVESTIGATIONS: Electromyography identified spontaneous activity in the pelvic limbs.

Authors: MAXIM MOREAU, MSc 1 , ÉRIC TRONCY, DV, PhD 1 , SYLVAIN BICHOT, MSc 1 , and BERTRAND LUSSIER, DMV, MSc, Diplomate ACVS 1
Journal: Vet Surg

ABSTRACT
Objective—Force platform gait analysis is a recognized clinical evaluation tool that captures and documents the in vivo pathomechanics of osteoarthritis (OA). In a clinical trial designed to evaluate the impact of 2 specific diets, an increase in body weight (BW) was observed in lame client-owned dogs. Covariance analysis was used to evaluate the interference of BW changes toward the evolution of peak vertical force (PVF) values. These secondary findings are reported in this study.
Study Design—Prospective study.
Animals—Lame dogs (n=26).

Authors: MAXIM MOREAU, MSc 1 , ÉRIC TRONCY, DV, PhD 1 , SYLVAIN BICHOT, MSc 1 , and BERTRAND LUSSIER, DMV, MSc, Diplomate ACVS 1
Journal: Vet Surg

ABSTRACT
Objective—Force platform gait analysis is a recognized clinical evaluation tool that captures and documents the in vivo pathomechanics of osteoarthritis (OA). In a clinical trial designed to evaluate the impact of 2 specific diets, an increase in body weight (BW) was observed in lame client-owned dogs. Covariance analysis was used to evaluate the interference of BW changes toward the evolution of peak vertical force (PVF) values. These secondary findings are reported in this study.
Study Design—Prospective study.
Animals—Lame dogs (n=26).

Authors: JOSH REXING, DVM 1 , DIANNE DUNNING, DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVS 1 , ARTHUR M. SIEGEL, DVM, PhD 1 , KIM KNAP, BS, CVT, CCRP 1 , and BOBBIE WERBE, RVT 1
Journal: Vet Surg

ABSTRACT
Objective—To compare 4 therapeutic techniques to reduce soft tissue swelling after cranial cruciate ligament repair in the dog.
Study Design—Prospective study.
Animals—Twenty-four dogs with cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CCLR).

Authors: Roush JK, Cross AR, Renberg WC, Dodd CE, Sixby KA, Fritsch DA, Allen TA, Jewell DE, Richardson DC, Leventhal PS, Hahn KA.
Journal: JAVMA

Objective-To evaluate the effects of a food supplemented with fish oil omega-3 fatty acids on weight bearing in dogs with osteoarthritis. Design-Randomized, double-blinded, controlled clinical trial. Animals-38 client-owned dogs with osteoarthritis examined at 2 university veterinary clinics. Procedures-Dogs were randomly assigned to receive a typical commercial food (n = 16) or a test food (22) containing 3.5% fish oil omega-3 fatty acids.

Authors: Gordon-Evans WJ, Evans RB, Knap KE, Hildreth JM, Pinel CB, Imhoff DJ, Conzemius MG.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To determine the spatiotemporal gait characteristics and associated covariates of clinically normal dogs and dogs with spinal cord disease. Animals-42 clinically normal dogs and 24 dogs with myelopathy at spinal cord segment T3-L3. Procedures-Gait was analyzed for velocity, stride length, stride time, stance time, and swing time and compared between groups with consideration of covariates, including height, weight, velocity, sex, and age.

Category: Rehabilitation - Spine
Authors: Marshall W, Bockstahler B, Hulse D, Carmichael S.
Journal: VCOT

Obesity is an increasingly important health problem for both man and dog. Osteoarthritis (OA) is a significant cause of pain and disability in both species. A link between obesity and OA has been established in man, though the exact mechanism of the relationship remains to be fully elucidated - current research supports both biomechanical and biochemical theories. There is good evidence (class I*) to support weight loss as an effective treatment for human knee OA. In the dog, the relationship is just beginning to be investigated.