Authors: Mostafa AA1, Griffon DJ, Thomas MW, Constable PD.
Journal: Vet Surg


To (1) develop a technique to determine the anteversion angle (AA) of the femur on a single radiograph; (2) determine the correlation between this technique and other published radiographic and computed tomographic (CT) methods; and (3) compare the diagnostic outcome of these methods in determining the level at which femoral torsion occurred in Labrador Retrievers with cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) deficiency.


Cross-sectional clinical study.


Authors: Wood MC1, Fox DB, Tomlinson JL.
Journal: Vet Surg



To describe a radiographic method for determination of the mechanical axes and joint orientation lines in orthogonal planes for the canine humerus and establish a range of normal joint orientation angles in a population of large breed dogs.


Radiographic study.


Humeri (n = 50) of skeletally mature, nonchondrodystrophic canine cadavers, weighing 20-40 kg with no evidence of orthopedic disease.


Authors: Kim S1, Lewis D.
Journal: Aust Vet J

This report describes the treatment of severe procurvatum because of distal femoral physeal fracture malunion in two skeletally immature dogs.

Authors: Pisoni L1, Del Magno S, Cinti F, Dalpozzo B, Bellei E, Cloriti E, Joechler M.
Journal: VCOT

Ectrodactyly is a rare developmental anom-aly of the distal part of the forelimb. It is characterized by the presence of an abnormal longitudinal soft tissue and osseous separation or cleft between the digits and the metacarpal bones. It can be associated with hypoplasia, aplasia and malformation of one or more bones of the antebrachium, carpus, metacarpus and digits. Unilateral ectrodactyly and moderate lameness were diagnosed in a young female dog. The dog was treated surgically with reconstruction of soft tissues and stabilization of the metacarpal bones by two nylon cerclage sutures.

Category: Deformity
Authors: Kalff S1, Butterworth SJ, Miller A, Keeley B, Baines S, McKee WM.
Journal: VCOT

Objective: To report the signalment and clinical features of dogs with non-traumatic lateral patellar luxation and to report the complications and outcomes following surgery. Methods: A multicentre retrospective study was performed. Medical records were reviewed and the signalment, clinical features, and treatment of dogs presenting with lateral patellar luxation were recorded. In dogs treated surgically, the outcome and complications were investigated. Results: Sixty-five dogs (95 stifles) were included; 39 were male and median age at presentation was 10 months.

Authors: Macrì F1, Ciotola F, Rapisarda G, Lanteri G, Albarella S, Aiudi G, Liotta L, Marino F.
Journal: JSAP

A case of non-syndromic, complete syndactyly involving all four limbs is described in a three-month-old male crossbreed dog for the first time.Syndactyly is a rare condition in most animal species, in dogs it has been infrequently reported. Findings of clinical, radiographic and cytogenetic analyses are described and demonstrate probably for the first time that numerical and structural chromosome aberrations are not involved in the pathogenesis of this case of syndactyly.

Authors: Sabanci SS1, Ocal MK.
Journal: VCOT

Objectives: To measure lateral and medial tibial plateau angle values in isolated canine tibiae and to compare lateral and medial tibial plateau angle values between dogs based on sex and breed. Methods: Tibiae of 90 dogs from 24 different breeds were used. Photographs were taken of the medial and lateral aspects of the tibiae for measurement of the medial and lateral tibial plateau angles. Additionally, the medial tibial plateau angle was measured from radiographs of the tibiae.

Category: Deformity - Knee
Authors: Coggeshall JD, Reese DJ, Kim SE, Pozzi A.
Journal: JSAP

Four skeletally immature, small breed dogs (five elbows) with elbow incongruency were evaluated for forelimb lameness. Findings on clinical examination included pain, effusion and decreased range of motion of the affected elbow. Radiography, computed tomography and arthroscopy demonstrated elbow incongruency in all dogs. Fragmented medial coronoid process was diagnosed arthroscopically in three dogs (four elbows). Arthroscopic subtotal coronoidectomy was performed in all cases of fragmented medial coronoid process.

Authors: Carvalho VG, Gioso MA, Carvalho PE, Cunha FP, Martinez LA, Lemos LS.
Journal: VCOT

Skeletal malocclusions may be due to disturbances in the growth of the mandible or maxilla. In most cases, discomfort is the result of tooth-to-tooth malocclusion or tooth-to-soft-tissue contact. Currently, in veterinary medicine, these problems are treated palliatively. In humans, orthognathic surgery is indicated to correct severe skeletal malocclusions, offering aesthetic and functional benefits to the patients. This research evaluated the effects of an intra-oral mandibular sagittal split osteotomy in 20 dog cadavers with skeletal malocclusion.

Authors: Volta A, Palumbo Piccionello A, Salvaggio A, Dini F, Bonazzi M, Manfredi S, Tambella AM, Gnudi G.
Journal: VCOT

Objectives: To evaluate how the inclination and torsional deformity of the hemipelvis using extra-rotation as a model affect acetabular angle (AA) and dorsal acetabular rim angle (DARA) assessment with computed tomography (CT). Methods: A normal canine hemipelvis positioned in dorsal recumbency was scanned with a 16-slice multidetector CT scanner, with different degrees of torsional deformity, using extra-rotation around the long axis (0-5-10-15°) of the hemipelvis.

Category: Deformity - Hip - Imaging