Toy Poodles with grade 4 medial patellar luxation had significant femoral varus deformity, medial displacement of the tibial tuberosity, internal torsion of the proximal tibia, and hypoplasia of the patella.
Joint fusion and full weight-bearing obtained in a 3 month old cat after pantarsal arthrodesis using a transarticular external fixation system
The radius healed faster than tibia. Wearing frames with low or moderate stiffness, the absence of mechanical complications, a larger distraction distance, and a larger bone size accelerated bone consolidation.
A protocol derived from computed tomography multiplanar reconstructions of canine hindlimbs was repeatable and reproducible for assessing the femoral and tibial alignment of dogs.