The use of a linear versus curvilinear oscillating saw blade for femoral head and neck excision surgery in cats

Marie J A V P Pantangco, Wendy I Baltzer, Jason G Makar, QiCai J Hoon
Am J Vet Res. 2023 Oct 16;84(12):ajvr.23.08.0187. doi: 10.2460/ajvr.23.08.0187.

Objective: To determine the effects of using either a linear or curvilinear oscillating, battery-powered saw blade on the extent of bone resection, bone fissure or fragmentation, soft tissue trauma, and surgical time for femoral head and neck excision (FHNE) in feline cadavers.

Animals: 18 feline cadavers.

Methods: Paired feline cadaveric femora were randomly assigned to either a 10 mm linear or 12 mm curvilinear blade for FHNE by 2 surgical residents. CT of each femur pre- and postoperatively were used to create 3D reconstructions of each femur. The residual remaining or excessively resected bone volume at the ostectomy site was compared to an "ideal" ostectomy line made by a board-certified surgeon on preoperative CTs.

Results: There were no significant differences in residual or excessive bone resection by a saw blade (P = .84), between surgeons (P = .65), or in surgery time (P = .39). When compared to the "ideal" ostectomy, the linear saw blade removed slightly less bone compared to the curvilinear blade, but was not statistically significant (P = .82). No fissures or fractures were noted; however, the curvilinear blade removed the entire lesser trochanter in 1 cadaver and the linear blade partially removed the greater trochanter in 1 femur and 2 lesser trochanters in 2 femora.

Clinical relevance: The use of a curvilinear blade may be a viable option for performing FHNE in cats. In vivo studies are warranted to determine its efficacy in clinical cases where FHNE is performed and the incidence of complications postoperatively.