A New Generation of Osteochondral Autograft Transfer System for the Treatment of Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Femoral Condyle: Clinical Experience in 18 Dogs

Filippo Cinti, Luca Vezzoni, Aldo Vezzoni
Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 2022 Mar 10. doi: 10.1055/s-0042-1744181.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical application and outcome of osteochondral autograft transfer using the COR system (COR; DePuy Synthes, Warsaw, Indiana, United States) for the treatment of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the femoral condyle in dogs.

Methods: Medical records of dogs that were treated for OCD of the femoral condyle using the COR system between February 2013 and March 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. The results of pre- and postoperative clinical and radiographic examinations were evaluated.

Results: Twenty stifles (18 dogs; 15 lateral and 5 medial femoral condyles) met the inclusion criteria. A single graft transfer was done in six stifle joints and mosaicplasty in 14 (2 grafts in 9/14 stifles; 3 grafts in 5/14 stifles). Proper anatomic reconstruction was confirmed intraoperatively and radiographically in all dogs. There were no major and three minor postoperative complications. At 3 months, 15 of 20 stifles (14 of 18 dogs) had no lameness or radiographic signs of inflammation. At 6 months, 12 of 13 dogs had no lameness or discomfort, and four of 13 stifles had radiographic evidence of moderate osteoarthritis.

Clinical significance: Treatment of OCD of the femoral condyle using the COR system is feasible in dogs, with low complications and provides a satisfactory short-term outcome.