Trauma

Authors: Rochereau P, Diop A, Maurel N, Bernarde A.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To compare biomechanical properties of a humeral condylar fracture model stabilized either with a 4.0-mm short-threaded cancellous screw (CCS) or with a 4.0-mm short-threaded cannulated screw (CNS).
STUDY DESIGN:
In vitro biomechanical study.
SAMPLE POPULATION:
Bilateral cadaveric canine humeri (n = 20).
METHODS:

Authors: Cohen L, Israeli I, Levi S, Benzioni H, Milgram J.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To determine if normograde and retrograde pinning of the distal humeral fragment, performed to maximize pin purchase in this fragment, would damage vital structures in and around the elbow and shoulder joints in cats.
STUDY DESIGN:
Anatomic study.
SAMPLE POPULATION:
Cadaveric cats (n = 12; 24 thoracic limbs).
METHODS:

Authors: Altunatmaz K, Ozsoy S, Mutlu Z, Devecioglu Y, Guzel O.
Journal: VCOT

Intramedullary fully-threaded pins were manufactured from an alloy of titanium, aluminium and vanadium in a fully-threaded style. Pins were produced in various diameters, ranging from 4 mm to 11 mm. Pin lengths varied from 5 cm to 22 cm. The proximal end of the pins was designed to fit into a hexagonal screwdriver, while the distal end was slightly tapered to allow for ease of entry into cancellous bone.

Authors: Devasconcellos P, Balla VK, Bose S, Fugazzi R, Dernell WS, Bandyopadhyay A.
Journal: VCOT

Objectives: To design, manufacture and analyze custom implants with functional gradation in macrostructure for attachment of amputation prostheses. Methods: The external shape of the implant was designed by extracting geometrical data of canine cadavers from computed tomography (CT) scans to suit the bone cavity. Three generations of implant designs were developed and were optimized with the help of fit/fill and mechanical performance of implant-cadaver bone assembly using CT analysis and compression testing, respectively.

Authors: Lee K, Heng HG, Jeong J, Naughton JF, Rohleder JJ.
Journal: Vet Radiol Ultrasound

In veterinary medicine, general anesthesia or sedation is generally required to immobilize patients during computed tomography (CT) scanning. This may not be suitable in all patients because of risks of anesthesia. We evaluated the feasibility of pelvic CT examination in 14 awake animals with pelvic trauma. Physical restraint was applied by wrapping the patient in a towel and then taping to the CT table or by directly taping the patient to the CT table.

Authors: Pratesi A, Grierson J, Moores AP.
Journal: VCOT

This report describes the diagnosis and treatment of a traumatic avulsion of the lateral head of the gastrocnemius muscle in a three-and-a-half-year-old male neutered Domestic Shorthaired cat. Surgical repair was achieved using a modified three-loop pulley suture pattern passed through a suture anchor inserted at the point of origin of the tendon and around the fabella. A stifle flexion device was utilised during the postoperative period to protect the repair. Follow-up at five months showed a return to normal function.

Authors: Nicholson I, Langley-Hobbs S, Sutcliffe M, Jeffery N, Radke H.
Journal: VCOT

Currently recommended surgical techniques to treat severe biaxial feline talocrural soft-tissue injuries commonly lead to unsatisfactory outcome. Data relating to canine talocrural stabilisation may not be useful in cats due to major differences in tarsal anatomy between the species. This experimental biomechanical cadaveric study used specimens (n = 10) prepared from the distal pelvic limbs of five adult cats. The aim was to design a technique for treating talocrural luxation using suture prostheses and bone tunnels, and to investigate its suitability for use in clinical cases.

Authors: Bergh MS, Piras A, Samii VF, Weisbrode SE, Johnson KA.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To evaluate and compare bone modeling and remodeling in fractured and non-fractured central tarsal bones (CTBs) of racing Greyhounds. Sample-Paired cadaveric tarsi from 6 euthanized racing Greyhounds with right CTB fractures and 6 racing Greyhounds with other nontarsal injuries. Procedures-CTBs were dissected and fractured CTBs were reconstructed. Central tarsal bones were evaluated through standard and nonscreen high-detail radiography, computed tomography, and histologic examination.

Authors: Pike FS, Kumar MS, Boudrieau RJ.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To (1) describe a surgical distraction technique for C1-2 cervical fractures/luxations or atlantoaxial (AA) subluxations using the base of the skull (basion of the foramen magnum) and either C2-3 or C3-4 for the purchase points of intraoperative axial distraction and (2) report outcome in 13 dogs.
STUDY DESIGN:
Retrospective case series.
ANIMALS:
Dogs (n = 13).
MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Authors: Rochereau P, Bernardé A.
Journal: VCOT

This retrospective study documents deep gluteal tenodesis (DGT) used to stabilize coxo- femoral luxation (CFL) in dogs and cats, and to report reluxation rate and clinical outcome after DGT. Medical records (1995-2008) of 65 dogs and cats with traumatic CFL treated by capsulorrhaphy and DGT were reviewed. Animals with radiographic evidence of pre-existing hip dysplasia or articular fractures had been excluded. Reluxation rate and outcome were assessed by clinical examination, performed two and ten weeks postoperatively.