Trauma

Authors: Kitshoff AM, de Rooster H, Ferreira SM, Burger D, Steenkamp G.
Journal: VCOT

Objectives: To describe a new technique, the reinforced interdental crossover composite splint (RIC), for transverse mandibular fracture repair in dogs. This technique was compared biomechanically with the established reinforced interdental Stout loop composite splint (RIS) technique. Methods: Six pairs of mandibles from young adult small breed dogs were used for the study. Osteotomies were created in a standardized fashion and fixed with either RIC or RIS.

Authors: Barnes DC, Knudsen CS, Gosling M, McKee M, Whitelock RG, Arthurs GI, Ness MG, Radke H, Langley-Hobbs SJ
Journal: VCOT

Objective: To compare complication rates and the outcomes of these complications after lateral plate fixation with figure-of-eight tension-band-wire and pin or lag screw fixation for arthrodesis of the calcaneo-quartal joint, following non-traumatic disruption of the plantar tarsal ligament in dogs. Methods: Data were collected retrospectively from five UK referral centres. Diplomate specialists and their residents performed all procedures. Referring veterinarians were contacted for long-term follow-up. Results: Seventy-four procedures were undertaken in 61 dogs.

Authors: Vedrine B.
Journal: Can Vet J

A 4-year-old male Labrador retriever dog was evaluated for acute lameness without weight-bearing in the right forelimb after an 8-meter fall. Radiographs revealed a comminuted fracture of the ulnar carpal bone that required removal of bone fragments. This appears to be the first report of such a condition.

Authors: Uhl JM, Kapatkin AS, Garcia TC, Stover SM.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To compare a medially applied 2.7 mm locking compression plate (LCP) to a cranially applied 3.5 mm LCP in a cadaveric distal radial fracture gap model.
STUDY DESIGN:
In vitro mechanical testing of paired cadaveric limbs
SAMPLE POPULATION:
Paired radii (n = 8) stabilized with either a 2.7 mm LCP medially or a 3.5 mm LCP cranially.
METHODS:

Authors: Nakladal B, Vom Hagen F, Brunnberg M, Gross M, Nietz H, Brunnberg L.
Journal: VCOT

Objective: Injuries of the carpal joint are rare in cats. The most common cause is a fall from a height, known as 'high-rise syndrome'. So far, only limited data about carpal joint injuries (CJI) in cats are available. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology, aetiology, location, and type of CJI in cats. Methods: Case records of cats diagnosed with CJI between 1998 and 2010 were retrospectively analysed. Data concerning signalment, history and type of CJI, accompanying systemic injuries and further orthopaedic injuries were collected.

Authors: Tong K, Guiot LP.
Journal: VCOT

A 25-year-old female mandrill (Mandrillus sphinx - a primate and part of the Old World monkey group) was presented with a mildly comminuted, diaphyseal, radial fracture associated with a transverse ulnar fracture. Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis techniques were used to achieve fixation of both the radial and the ulnar fractures. First, closed fracture reduction was achieved with a distraction frame consisting of a motorized circular external skeletal fixator.

Authors: Deiss R, Bali MS, Doherr M, Spreng D, Rytz U, Ferguson SJ.
Journal: VCOT

Objective: To biomechanically test the properties of three different Universal Micro External Fixator (UMEX™) configurations with regard to their use in very small animals (<5kg) and compare the UMEX system to the widely used IMEX External Skeletal Fixation (SK™) system in terms of stiffness, space needed for pin placement and weight. Methods: Three different UMEX configurations (type Ia, type Ib, and type II modified) and one SK configuration type Ia were used to stabilize Delrin plastic rods in a 1 cm fracture gap model.

Authors: Fitzpatrick N, Sajik D, Farrell M.
Journal: VCOT

Objective: To describe the surgical technique for pantarsal arthrodesis (PTA) in cats according to the principles of percutaneous plate arthrodesis with application of a pre-contoured dorsal plate, without external coaptation and to report the long-term clinical outcome. Materials and methods: Retrospective review was performed of all cats treated by percutaneous plate application using a new pre-contoured dorsal plate for PTA between 2008 and 2011. Inclusion criteria were clinical and radiographic records plus clinical follow-up to at least six weeks.

Authors: Hardie RJ, Lewallen JT.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To describe use of a custom orthotic boot for management of distal extremity and pad wounds in dogs.
STUDY DESIGN:
Clinical report.
ANIMALS:
Dogs (n = 3).
METHODS:

Authors: Hardie RJ, Lewallen JT.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To describe use of a custom orthotic boot for management of distal extremity and pad wounds in dogs.
STUDY DESIGN:
Clinical report.
ANIMALS:
Dogs (n = 3).
METHODS: