Trauma

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) for treatment of complicated wounds in dogs.

STUDY TYPE: Retrospective multicentre study.

Category: Trauma

OBJECTIVES: To (1) develop guidelines for the location of drill entry and exit points when inserting a transcondylar screw across the canine humerus; (2) compare the safe corridor for transcondylar screw insertion when drilling medial-to-lateral with drilling lateral-to-medial.

STUDY DESIGN: Anatomic study.

ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 43).

Authors: Minier K1, Touré A, Fusellier M, Fellah B, Bouvy B, Weiss P, Gauthier O.
Journal: VCOT

OBJECTIVES:

To determine whether the addition of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP-2) to a self-crosslinkable cellulosic hydrogel/biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) granules construct promotes bone healing in critical-size ulnar defects in dogs.

METHODS:

Authors: Soukup JW, Snyder CJ.
Journal: J Feline Med Surg

PRACTICAL RELEVANCE: Maxillofacial and traumatic dentoalveolar injuries can cause pain and inflammation, and reduce function of the mouth, impacting a cat's quality of life. Many traumatically induced feline fractures have been reported to involve the mandible or skull and, in cats with maxillofacial trauma, traumatic dentoalveolar injuries are particularly prevalent. Traumatic dentoalveolar injuries can also often be found in otherwise healthy cats.

Authors: Demianiuk RM1, Guiot LP.
Journal: J Small Anim Pract

A 4 · 5-month-old, 13 · 8 kg, female neutered mixed breed dog was presented for evaluation of acute non-weight bearing right pelvic limb lameness. Radiographs revealed a tibial tuberosity avulsion fracture for which open reduction/internal fixation was performed. Asymmetrical premature closure of the cranial aspect of the proximal tibial physis ensued with a tibial plateau angle of -12°. Abnormal stifle biomechanics resulted in lameness and caudal cruciate ligament fraying.

Authors: Greeff DR1, Owen M2, Bush M2.
Journal: J Feline Med Surg

This report describes the successful management of a carpal hyperextension injury in a cat using combined temporary transarticular internal and external skeletal fixation, without performing an arthrodesis. To our knowledge, there have been no previous reports of management of feline carpal hyperextension injuries in this fashion.

Authors: Millard RP1, Weng HY.
Journal: JAVMA

Objective-To evaluate the proportion of and risk factors for open fractures of the appendicular skeleton in dogs and cats that were a result of acute trauma. Design-Cross-sectional and case-control study. Animals-84,629 dogs and 26,675 cats. Procedures-Dogs and cats examined at Purdue University Veterinary Teaching Hospital from January 1993 through February 2013 were identified; the proportion of open fractures was estimated from the medical records.

Authors: Illukka E, Boudrieau RJ1.
Journal: VCOT

A four-year old male Labrador Retriever was admitted with head trauma after being hit by a car. The dog had sustained multiple nasal, maxillary, and frontal bone fractures that resulted in separation of the maxilla from the base of the skull. A severely comminuted left zygomatic arch fracture was also present. These fractures were all repaired using a point contact, locking titanium plate system, in a single procedure that resulted in excellent postoperative occlusion and immediate function. Healing was uneventful.

Authors: Cappellari F1, Piras L, Panichi E, Ferretti A, Peirone B.
Journal: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol

Objective: To evaluate the outcome of treatment of antebrachial and crural septic non-union fractures in dogs using circular external skeletal fixation (CESF), and to document the type and frequency of complications associated with this technique. Methods: The medical records of all dogs with infected antebrachial and crural non-union fractures treated using the methods of Ilizarov at the Department of Animal Pathology of the University of Turin between 2006 and 2011 were retrospectively reviewed.

Authors: Kieves NR1, Lotsikas PJ, Schulz KS, Canapp SO.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the technique for, and long-term clinical outcome of, a modified hip toggle stabilization using the TightRope® system for coxofemoral luxation repair.

STUDY DESIGN:

Retrospective case series.

METHODS: