Pain Management

Authors: Christopher SA, Beetem J, Cook JL.
Journal: Vet Surg

329-34OBJECTIVE: To evaluate long-term (>1 year) outcomes with respect to function and complications in dogs undergoing TightRope (TR), tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO), or tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) for treatment of cranial cruciate liga

Authors: Sullivan MO, Gordon-Evans WJ, Knap KE, Evans RB.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVES:
To evaluate the efficacy of pulsed signal therapy (PST) in reducing pain and increasing function in dogs with osteoarthritis (OA) using a randomized, blinded, controlled clinical trial.
STUDY DESIGN:
Randomized, controlled, blinded clinical trial.
ANIMALS:
Adult dogs (n = 60) with moderate-to-severe clinical signs of OA.
METHODS:

Authors: Tambella AM, Palumbo Piccionello A, Dini F, Vullo C, Rossi G, Scrollavezza P.
Journal: VCOT

A 20-month-old male Rottweiler dog was presented with the complaint of chronic right forelimb lameness that was unresponsive to conservative treatment. Physical examination allowed for the topographical identification of the source of the problem as a firm enlargement of the soft tissues that was partially movable from humeral bone and compatible with an alteration of the triceps brachii muscle. Radiographic images showed signs that were highly suggestive of myositis ossificans.

Category: Elbow - Pain Management
Authors: Tas O, De Cock H, Lemmens P, Pool RR.
Journal: VCOT

The clinical, radiographic and histological features of synovial osteochondromatosis in multiple joints and an unrelated sclerosing osteosarcoma of the left tibia in a cat are reported. Radiographic evaluation showed signs of several nodular radiopacities in both stifles and both shoulders. Pathologic transverse fractures of the left tibia and fibula were also present. A midfemoral amputation of the left hindlimb was performed and treatment consisted of lifelong administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Authors: Ellenberger S, Snyder C.
Journal: JAAHA

A 3 mo old female Airedale terrier presented with decreased range of motion of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), which was first recognized at weaning. Computed tomography (CT) revealed abnormal, bilateral ossification of the soft tissues extending from the region of the tympanic bullae to the medial aspect of the angular process of each mandible. Those ossified structures most closely approximated the location of the lateral pterygoid muscles. The ossified structures were present at presentation and initially manifested as complete ossification on the right side.

Authors: Zhang N, Dietrich MA, Lopez MJ.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To identify the optimum intra-articular multipotent stromal cell (MSC) tissue source in the canine stifle.
STUDY DESIGN:
Experimental.
SAMPLE POPULATION:
Infrapatellar adipose tissue, synovium lining the joint capsule, and synovium surrounding the cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) from normal stifles of 6 dogs.
METHODS:

Authors: King JN, Jung M, Maurer MP, Schmid VB, Seewald W, Lees P.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To establish pharmacokinetics of robenacoxib after administration to cats via the IV, SC, and oral routes. Animals-24 cats. Procedures-In a crossover design, robenacoxib was administered IV, SC, and orally (experiment 1) and orally (experiment 2) to cats with different feeding regimens. Blood robenacoxib concentrations were assayed, with a lower limit of quantification of 3 ng/mL.

Category: Pain Management
Authors: Viscasillas J, Seymour CJ, Brodbelt DC.
Journal: Vet Anaesth Analg

Objective  To compare the success by inexperienced anaesthetists of using a modified infraorbital approach to the maxillary nerve with the traditional percutaneous approach. Study design  Prospective, randomized, blinded controlled study. Animals  Heads from 37 euthanized Beagle and Beagle cross dogs. Methods  Four anaesthetists were recruited to perform two different approaches to block the maxillary nerve of the cadavers. The infraorbital (I) approach advanced an intravenous catheter along the infraorbital canal.

Category: Pain Management
Authors: Portela DA, Otero PE, Briganti A, Romano M, Corletto F, Breghi G.
Journal: Vet Anaesth Analg

Objective  To describe a new approach to block the femoral nerve and to evaluate the distribution of a dye injected into the psoas compartment using a new femoral nerve block approach; to assess its clinical application, when combined with a sciatic nerve block, for surgical anaesthesia/analgesia of the pelvic limb in dogs. Study design  Prospective anatomical, research and clinical study. Animals  Two dog cadavers; two dogs that had to be euthanized for reasons unrelated to this study, and 15 dogs undergoing pelvic limb orthopaedic surgery.

Category: Pain Management
Authors: Portela DA, Otero PE, Briganti A, Romano M, Corletto F, Breghi G.
Journal: Vet Anaesth Analg

Objective  To describe a new approach to block the femoral nerve and to evaluate the distribution of a dye injected into the psoas compartment using a new femoral nerve block approach; to assess its clinical application, when combined with a sciatic nerve block, for surgical anaesthesia/analgesia of the pelvic limb in dogs. Study design  Prospective anatomical, research and clinical study. Animals  Two dog cadavers; two dogs that had to be euthanized for reasons unrelated to this study, and 15 dogs undergoing pelvic limb orthopaedic surgery.

Category: Pain Management