OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence, size, location and appearance of mineralisations in feline stifle joints, and to evaluate their relationship with osteoarthritis and cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) status.
Association of mineralisations in the stifle joint of domestic cats with degenerative joint disease and cranial cruciate ligament pathology
Evaluation of intra- and inter-observer measurement variability of a radiographic stifle osteoarthritis scoring system in dogs
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the intra- and inter-observer measurement variability of an existing osteoarthritis (OA) stifle scoring system.
METHODS: Paired caudocranial and mediolateral canine stifle radiographs were selected randomly. A total of 15 assessment points were evaluated independently and graded twice (integer numeric scale: 1-4) at an interval of 2 weeks by three observers with different levels of experience. The grades for each of the 15 factors were summed to obtain the OA score for each patient.
Prevalence, treatment and outcome of patellar luxation in dogs in Italy. A retrospective multicentric study (2009-2014)
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of patellar luxation in dogs in Italy and its relation to signalment, the frequency and the type of postoperative complications and the outcome of treatment, and to compare the findings with those of other studies.
Aquatic treadmill water level influence on pelvic limb kinematics in cranial cruciate ligament-deficient dogs with surgically stabilised stifles
OBJECTIVE: To compare pelvic limb joint kinematics and temporal gait characteristics during land-based and aquatic-based treadmill walking in dogs that have undergone surgical stabilisation for cranial cruciate ligament deficiency.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of a novel device attached to the proximal tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) jig pin to accurately predict intraoperative change in tibial plateau angle (TPA).
STUDY DESIGN: In vitro cadaveric study.
SAMPLE POPULATION: Left hindlimbs of adult dogs (n = 9).
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine histologically intact and ruptured cranial cruciate ligaments in cats, in order to evaluate whether degeneration is a prerequisite for rupture.
Effect of headless compression screw on construct stability for centre of rotation and angulation-based levelling osteotomy. Biomechanical testing in flexion and torsion
OBJECTIVE: To compare the biomechanical properties of bone and implant constructs when used for the centre of rotation and angulation (CORA) based levelling osteotomy, with and without implantation of a trans-osteotomy headless compression screw tested under three-point flexural and torsional forces; thereby determining the contribution of a trans-osteotomy headless compression screw with regards to stability of the construct.
Factors contributing to the variability of a predictive score for cranial cruciate ligament deficiency in Labrador Retrievers
BACKGROUND: We recently reported that a conformation score derived from the tibial plateau angle (TPA) and the femoral anteversion angle (FAA), best discriminates limbs predisposed to, or affected by cranial cruciate ligament disease (CCLD), from those that are at low risk for CCLD. The specificity and sensitivity of this score were high enough to support further investigations toward its use for large-scale screening of dogs by veterinarians.
Long-term outcome of an intra-articular allograft technique for treatment of spontaneous cranial cruciate ligament rupture in the dog
OBJECTIVE: To determine the 12-month outcome in dogs with spontaneous cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture after repair with an intra-articular decellularized allograft.
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective pilot case series.
ANIMALS: Ten client-owned dogs with unilateral CCL rupture.
Short-term effects of arthrotomy with and without infrapatellar fat pad resection on the normal canine stifle
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the short-term effects of infrapatellar fat pad (IFP) resection in normal dogs.
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental in vivo study.