Arthroscopy

Minimally invasive, arthroscopic guided toggle rod stabilization may be an alternative to the currently accepted open approach when addressing coxofemoral luxations.
There is good diagnostic agreement between synovial fluid effusion and osteophytosis when dealing with stifle joint OA
The Veress needle method was useful to establish a fluid egress system and limit iatrogenic cartilage excoriations
Arthroscopic treatment of medial coronoid disease, even with limited cartilage lesions, may not resolve lameness in some dogs
Pending further studies, veterinarians should consider the possibility of side effects occurring following the intra-articular administration of local anaesthetics
Medial compartment disease develops despite unloading of the medial compartment using a distal diaphyseal sliding humeral osteotomy in juvenile dogs with osteochondrosis
Some evidence of improvement in long-term function was found in dogs with medial coronoid process disease after arthroscopic treatment
Use of a distraction apparatus resulted in an increase in joint space that could be useful for clinical situations where a larger joint space is required such as for arthroscopic procedures.