Arthroscopy

OBJECTIVE: To document the progression of disease after an unloading procedure when combined with arthroscopic debridement to treat osteochondrosis (OC) lesions affecting the medial humeral condyle in juvenile dogs without medial compartment disease.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series.

ANIMALS: Dogs with medial humeral condyle OC (n = 6)

OBJECTIVES:  To report short- and long-term outcomes after arthroscopic treatment in young large breed dogs affected by medial coronoid process disease (MCPD) and identify variables affecting outcome.

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational case series.

ANIMALS: Large breed dogs <3 years old (n = 15; 23 elbows).

Category: Arthroscopy - Elbow
Authors: Devesa V, Rovesti GL, Urrutia PG, San Roman F, Rodriguez-Quiros J.
Journal: J Small Anim Pract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the technical feasibility and efficacy of a hip joint distraction technique, any potential ligamentous damage linked to the procedure, and the effect of joint venting on the maximum distraction achieved.

Category: Arthroscopy - Hip
Authors: Warnock JJ1, Nemanic S, O'Donnell MD, Wiest JE.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate volume of extra-articular fluid egress and complications associated with 2 fluid ingress/egress techniques for stifle arthroscopy.

STUDY DESIGN:

Ex vivo study.

STUDY SUBJECTS:

Canine cadavers (n = 14).

METHODS:

Category: Arthroscopy - Knee
Authors: Galindo-Zamora V1, Dziallas P, Wolf DC, Kramer S, Abdelhadi J, Lucas K, Nolte I, Wefstaedt P.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:

To (1) evaluate thoracic limb loads and symmetry, and elbow function and morphology, before and after arthroscopic treatment of unilateral medial coronoid process disease (MCPD), and (2) determine if functional variables correlate with morphologic findings.

STUDY DESIGN:

Prospective case series.

ANIMALS:

Dogs (n = 14) with thoracic limb lameness.

METHODS:

Authors: Quinn R1, Preston C.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:

To document the progression of disease after an unloading procedure when combined with arthroscopic debridement to treat osteochondrosis (OC) lesions affecting the medial humeral condyle in juvenile dogs without medial compartment disease.

STUDY DESIGN:

Retrospective case series.

ANIMALS:

Dogs with medial humeral condyle OC (n = 6).

METHODS:

Category: Arthroscopy - Elbow
Authors: Dutton TA1, Gurney MA, Bright SR.
Journal: J Small Anim Pract

OBJECTIVES:

To document efficacy of intra-articular mepivacaine in dogs based on the hypothesis that this would blunt the haemodynamic response to a nociceptive stimulus (arthroscopic surgery), reducing interventional analgesia requirements.

METHODS:

Authors: Ridge PA1, Cook JL, Cook CR.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:

To report short and medium term outcomes, and complications, in dogs treated for rupture of the lateral glenohumeral ligament (LGHL) with a novel, arthroscopically assisted technique.

STUDY DESIGN:

Retrospective case series.

ANIMALS:

Dogs (n = 10) with LGHL injury.

METHODS:

Category: Arthroscopy - Shoulder
Authors: Mariee IC1, Gröne A2, Theyse LF3.
Journal: Vet J

Coronoid dysplasia (CD) or medial coronoid disease is part of canine elbow dysplasia and eventually results in osteoarthrosis. Although CD was originally attributed to disturbed endochondral ossification, more recent data point to the subchondral bone. The objective of this study was to assess dysplastic bone and cartilage of dogs that underwent unilateral or bilateral arthroscopic subtotal coronoidectomy for the treatment of CD. Arthroscopic findings and histopathology of bone and cartilage removed from elbow joints with CD were compared.