Arthritis

Authors: Barry SL, Lafuente MP, Martinez SA
Journal: JAVMA

Case Description-A 3-year-old spayed female Labrador Retriever was evaluated for progressive lameness of the left forelimb 21 months after being shot in the elbow with a lead bullet. Clinical Findings-Physical examination findings were consistent with moderate osteoarthritis of the left elbow joint. Orthogonal radiographic views of the elbow revealed multiple metallic fragments in and around the joint space as well as signs of osteoarthritis.

Category: Arthritis - Biologics
Authors: Cabrera SY, Owen TJ, Mueller MG, Kass PH.
Journal: JAVMA

Objective-To compare tibial plateau angle (TPA) in dogs with unilateral versus bilateral cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture, to compare right versus left TPA in dogs with bilateral CCL rupture, and to determine whether TPA can be used to predict whether a dog with unilateral CCL rupture would subsequently rupture the contralateral CCL. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-150 dogs with unilateral (n = 58) or bilateral (92) CCL rupture. Procedures-Medical records were reviewed and TPA was recorded.

Authors: Mostafa AA, Griffon DJ, Thomas MW, Constable PD.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the contribution of proximodistal alignment of the patella to patellar luxation, and to evaluate the structures contributing to proximodistal alignment of the patella relative to the femoral trochlea. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study using a convenience sample. ANIMALS: Medium to giant breed dogs (n=106). METHODS: Medical records and stifle radiographs of 106 dogs were reviewed.

Authors: Carrera I, Hammond GJ, Sullivan M.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVES: To describe computed tomographic (CT) features of canine elbows with incomplete ossification of the humeral condyle (IOHC) and investigate co-existing incongruence in the elbow joint. STUDY DESIGN: Case control study. ANIMALS: Dogs with IOHC (n=20; 38 elbows) and 25 normal elbows. METHODS: Elbows with IOHC and normal elbows were assessed by CT.

Authors: Waxman AS, Robinson DA, Evans RB, Hulse DA, Innes JF, Conzemius MG.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between previously used subjective and objective measures of limb function in normal dogs that had an induced lameness. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, blinded, and induced animal model trial. ANIMALS: Normal, adult, and mixed-breed dogs (n=24) weighing 25-35 kg. METHODS: Force platform gait analysis was collected in all dogs before and after induction of lameness.

Authors: Tivers MS, Mahoney P, Corr SA
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of computed tomography (CT) arthrography in cadaveric canine stifles with particular emphasis on the diagnosis of meniscal injury. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cadaver study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Pelvic limbs from adult Beagles (n=10). METHODS: After survey CT scan of each stifle oriented in the dorsal plane, positive contrast stifle CT arthrogram (CTA) was performed using the same slice orientation.

Category: Arthritis - Knee
Authors: Stuart Carmichael
Journal: EJCAP

Osteoarthritis (OA) is an insidiously progressive disease producing pain and loss of function in affected joints. The suffering and restrictions on exercise that the active disease produces, make a profound impact on the quality of life of the patient. Fortunately, although the disease is widespread, estimated to affect one in five of all dogs, it is not always associated with debilitating disease [1]. Indeed it has been speculated that only animals with moderate to severe OA pathology are identified and presented as clinical problems [2].

Authors: Stuart Carmichael
Journal: EJCAP

Osteoarthritis (OA) is an insidiously progressive disease producing pain and loss of function in affected joints. The suffering and restrictions on exercise that the active disease produces, make a profound impact on the quality of life of the patient. Fortunately, although the disease is widespread, estimated to affect one in five of all dogs, it is not always associated with debilitating disease [1]. Indeed it has been speculated that only animals with moderate to severe OA pathology are identified and presented as clinical problems [2].

Authors: A.Vezzoni, G. Dravelli, A. Corbari, M. De Lorenzi, A. Cirla, V. Tranquillo
Journal: EJCAP

The aim of the present study was to enumerate prognostic parameters for development of canine hip dysplasia (CHD) in growing dogs, how these parameters might correlate with the pathogenesis of hip dysplasia, and if these parameters could be used to predict development of disease. By monitoring subjects evaluated at an early stage and managed in a conservative manner, various parameters obtained at early monitoring were correlated with the development of CHD until skeletal development was achieved.

Category: Arthritis - Hip