Ruminant

Authors: M. Alsaaod, C. Syring, J. Dietrich, M.G. Doherr, T. Gujan, A. Steiner
Journal: The Veterinary Journal

Infrared thermography (IRT) was used to detect digital dermatitis (DD) prior to routine claw trimming. A total of 1192 IRT observations were collected from 149 cows on eight farms. All cows were housed in tie-stalls. The maximal surface temperatures of the coronary band (CB) region and skin (S) of the fore and rear feet (mean value of the maximal surface temperatures of both digits for each foot separately, CBmax and Smax) were assessed.

Category: Lameness - Podiatry - Ruminant
Authors: S. A. Bhat, H. P. Aithal, P. Kinjavdekar, Amarpal, M. M. S. Zama, P. C. Gope, A. M. Pawde, R. A. Ahmad, M. B. Gugjoo
Journal: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology

Objective: The objectives of the study were to determine the mechanical properties of a customized buffalo interlocking nail (BIN), intact buffalo tibia, and ostectomized tibia stabilized with BIN in different configurations, as well as to assess the convenience of interlocking nailing in buffalo tibia.

Authors: H. Strobel, M. Lauseker, A. B. Forbes
Journal: The Veterinary Record

A study on parenteral antibiotic treatment in sheep footrot was conducted on 10 farms in southern Germany to obtain information on the efficacy of gamithromycin under practical use conditions compared with a positive control. On each farm, 20 (10 on one farm) lame sheep were clinically evaluated and divided into two groups. On day 1, sheep were treated once according to group with either long-acting oxytetracycline (OTC) at 20 mg/kg bodyweight or gamithromycin at 6 mg/kg; clinical responses were assessed 21 days later.

Category: Podiatry - Ruminant
Authors: Grisel Navarro, Laura E. Green, Néstor Tadich
Journal: The Veterinary Journal

The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of lameness and specific causes of lameness on standing time, number of lying bouts and test day yield (TDY) in cows at pasture and cows which were housed. Data were collected from 200 cows from 10 farms where cows were at pasture and 200 cows from 10 farms where they were housed. Each farm was visited twice over 3 days between May and August (autumn and winter) of 2009. At the first visit, 10 lame cows, all with locomotion score (LS) 3, and 10 non-lame cows, all with LS 1, were selected per farm.

Category: Lameness - Ruminant
Authors: Marjolaine Rousseau, DMV, MS; David E. Anderson, DVM, MS, DACVS; Andrew J. Niehaus, DVM, MS, DACVS; Matt D. Miesner, DVM, MS, DACVIM; Sylvain Nichols, DMV, MS, DACVS
Journal: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Objective—To describe clinical findings, treatments, and outcome in camelids treated for osseous sequestration.

Design—Retrospective case series.

Animals—27 alpacas and 9 llamas with osseous sequestration.

Procedures—Medical records of 2 veterinary teaching hospitals were reviewed to identify camelids evaluated because of osseous sequestration between January 1, 1999, and December 31, 2010. Data on history, signalment, physical examination and medical imaging findings, treatment, and complications were collected.

Category: Equine - Ruminant
Authors: Barbara G. Hunter, DVM; Stacy A. Semevolos, DVM, MS, DACVS
Journal: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Case Description—A 2-year-old male Suri alpaca was referred for evaluation of severe right forelimb lameness of 2 weeks' duration following a traumatic episode. Clinical Findings—Examination of the distal aspect of the metacarpus revealed 4 wounds exuding purulent material. On weight bearing, the metacarpophalangeal joint was severely hyperextended with the palmar surface touching the ground.

Category: Miscellaneous - Ruminant
Authors: Jean-Michel Vandeweerd, Nathalie Kirschvink, Benoit Muylkens, Celine Cintas, Charles Vande Catsyne, Fanny Hontoir, Peter Clegg, Richard Coomer and Jean-Francois Nisolle
Journal: Veterinary Surgery

Abstract
Objective

To describe magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) anatomy of the ovine stifle and investigate meniscotibial and cruciate ligaments anatomy.
Study Design

Descriptive ex vivo study.
Animals

Pelvic limbs (n = 44) from 22 adult Texel ewes.
Methods

Forty limbs (n = 40) were scanned using 3 Tesla MRI before gross anatomic dissection. Two other limb pairs were frozen and transected to obtain sections that were compared with MRI images for identification of anatomic structures.
Results

Category: Imaging - Ruminant
Authors: Johanna Becker, Martin Reist, Katharina Friedli, Dirk Strabel, Marianne Wüthrich, Adrian Steiner
Journal: The Veterinary Journal

The attitudes of bovine practitioners, claw-trimmers and farmers towards painful therapeutic claw-trimming of dairy cattle were surveyed and differences between the respondents were assessed. A total of 77 farmers and 32 claw-trimmers were interviewed, and 137 bovine practitioners completed an equivalent online survey. No veterinary consultation for common painful interventions in the feet of cattle was reported by 52% of farmers (i.e. procedures in these herds were performed without local anaesthesia).

Category: Podiatry - Ruminant
Authors: Caroline De Vlamynck, Lieven Vlaminck, Stijn Hauspie, Jimmy Saunders, Frank Gasthuys
Journal: The Veterinary Journal

The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical effects of a femoral nerve block via a dorsal paralumbar injection in healthy calves and calves suffering from spastic paresis. Based on bony landmarks and using ultrasound guidance, the femoral nerves of eight healthy calves were blocked bilaterally with a 4% procaine solution containing blue dye. In 11/16 nerve blocks, paralysis of the quadriceps muscle was obtained after dorsal paralumbar injection. Paralysis was total in 8/16 cases.

Category: Miscellaneous - Ruminant
Authors: Caroline A. De Vlamynck, DVM; Frederik Pille, DVM, PhD; Stijn Hauspie, DVM; Jimmy H. Saunders, DVM, PhD; Yves Van der Stede, DVM, PhD; Frank Gasthuys, DVM, PhD; Lieven E. M. Vlaminck, DVM, PhD
Journal: American Journal of Veterinary Research

Objective—To develop a practical ultrasonography-guided injection approach to anesthetic blockade of the femoral nerve in calves and to assess the method's accuracy.

Animals—13 cadavers of 4-week-old male Holstein Friesian calves.

Category: Miscellaneous - Ruminant