Endoscopic surgery

Authors: Hanna Borg and James L. Carmalt
Journal: Veterinary Surgery

Abstract

Objectives

To determine the frequency of postoperative septic arthritis after elective arthroscopy in the absence of prophylactic antimicrobial therapy and to report complication rate of 444 consecutive equine arthroscopies.

Design

Retrospective case series.

Animals

Horses (n = 444).

Methods

Authors: K. UpRichard , Y. A. Elce , P. Piat , G. Beauchamp , S. Laverty
Journal: Veterinary Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology

Objectives: To determine the short- and long-term outcome for sport horses after arthroscopic treatment of osteochondrosis of the lateral trochlear ridge of the femur. Methods: A retrospective study was performed using the medical records of horses intended for use as English sport horses. Outcome was obtained through telephone questionnaire. Results: Thirty-seven horses, mainly Warmbloods, underwent arthroscopic surgery for treatment of lateral femoral trochlear ridge osteochondrosis. Short-term outcome revealed that 27 of 37 horses had no complications.

Authors: Judith Alice Findley, Fil De Oliveira and Bruce Bladon
Journal: Veterinary Surgery

Objective

To determine typical clinical features associated with tears of the manica flexoria (MF) and prognosis for return to athletic function after surgical resection.
Study design

Case series.
Methods

Medical records (January 2001–December 2011) of horses that underwent tenoscopic surgical treatment of MF tears were reviewed and outcome obtained by telephone questionnaire of owners.
Results

Authors: J. Lacy Kamm, Laurie R. Goodrich, Natasha M. Werpy and C. Wayne McIlwraith
Journal: Veterinary Surgery

Objective

To describe regions of the thoracic and pelvic limb proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints that are arthroscopically accessible and identify soft tissue structures that should be avoided during arthroscope and instrument placement.

Study Design

Experimental ex vivo descriptive study.

Animals

Horses (n = 15).

Methods

Authors: A. M. MCCOY, L. R. GOODRICH
Journal: Equine Veterinary Journal

Reasons for performing study: Annular ligament desmotomy is commonly performed in horses with chronic tenosynovitis. Previously reported tenoscopic techniques have limitations related to haemorrhage and awkward instrumentation. Radiofrequency (RF) energy affords precision and excellent haemostasis and may be a good alternative to sharp transection of the annular ligament in horses.

Objective: To describe a technique for using a RF probe for tenoscopic-guided annular ligament desmotomy and to report the clinical outcome of horses in which it was performed.

Authors: Simon E. Hennessy MVB*, Lucy Cudmore BVSc, L. Paige Jackson DVM, MS, James R. Vasey BVSc, DVS, FACVSc, Thomas Russell BVMS, MACVSc, Diplomate ECVS
Journal: Veterinary Surgery

Objective
To (1) develop an arthroscopic approach to the subextensorius recess of the lateral femorotibial (LFT) joint in foals and (2) report its use in foals with LFT joint sepsis.
Study Design
(1) Anatomic study and (2) retrospective case series.
Sample Population
(1) Cadaveric hind limbs (n = 32 foals) to delineate the anatomy of the subextensorius recess; 13 foal limbs for cadaver surgery to assess the approach to the subextensorius recess; and (2) foals (n = 8) with LFT joint sepsis.
Methods

Authors: M. R. W. SMITH, I. M. WRIGHT
Journal: Equine Veterinary Journal

Reasons for performing study: Diagnostic navicular bursoscopy has been described in limited cases. Review of greater numbers is needed to define its contribution to case management and prognostic values.

Authors: I. M. WRIGHT, G. J. MINSHALL
Journal: Equine Veterinary Journal

Reasons for performing study: Although a well recognised clinical entity, only small numbers of osteochondromata on the caudal distal radius have previously been published and its occurrence in young racing Thoroughbreds has not previously been reported. Identification and management of associated lesions in the deep digital flexor tendon have received scant attention in the literature.

Authors: J. J. Bobkiewicz, S. E. Hodgson
Journal: Equine Veterinary Education

An 8-year-old Polo pony mare was admitted for investigation of lameness related to swelling of the elbow. An intra-articular fragment from the proximo-medial radius was identified on radiographic examination. The fragment was removed arthroscopically under general anaesthesia via a caudo-medial approach to the elbow joint.

Authors: G. J. MINSHALL, I. M. WRIGHT
Journal: Equine Veterinary Journal

Reasons for performing study: Tears of the radial head of the deep digital flexor (DDF) have not previously been documented.

Objectives: To describe the presentation, clinical, ultrasonographic and tenoscopic features associated with tears of the radial head of the DDF and to report the results of treatment.

Hypotheses: Tears of the radial head of the DDF cause lameness and distension of the carpal sheath of the digital flexor tendons. Removal of disrupted tissue that is extruded into the sheath can result in clinical resolution and restoration of function.