Presumed concurrent medial coronoid process fracture is a frequent radiographic finding in dogs and cats with humeral condylar fractures

Emilie J Pierrot, Géraldine E Bolen, Bernard M Bouvy, Marc H Balligand, Pierre P Picavet
J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2023 Oct 13;262(1):1-7. doi: 10.2460/javma.23.08.0448.

Objective: To report the prevalence of presumed concurrent medial coronoid process fractures in a series of cases of humeral condylar fractures and evaluate factors influencing the presence of a suspected fracture of the medial coronoid process.

Animals: 48 dogs and 7 cats, with a total of 57 humeral fractures.

Methods: Medical records of dogs and cats diagnosed with a humeral condylar fracture with radiographs were reviewed between October 2013 and March 2022. Species, sex, neutered status, age, weight, and the nature of the trauma were noted. Radiographs were assessed for the configuration of humeral condylar fracture, the presence of a suspected fractured medial coronoid process (MCP), number of MCP fragments, nature of fracture, degree of radioulnar incongruity, soft tissue swelling, and elbow luxation/subluxation.

Results: A presumed fracture of the MCP was seen in 26 of 57 cases. Comminution of the condylar fracture was the only parameter that had a positive effect on the presence of a possible fractured MCP. Body weight was significantly associated with size of the suspected fractured MCP. The presence of this fracture was not associated with the type of humeral condylar fracture. The size of the presumed fractured MCP fragment was positively correlated with body weight.

Clinical relevance: There was a high prevalence of presumed fractured MCPs in dogs with humeral condylar fractures (almost 50%) and even more so in animals with comminuted fractures. The consequences of suspected fractured MCP associated with humeral condylar fractures and whether dogs and cats would benefit from removal of the fragment remain unknown.