The effect of shock wave therapy on patellar ligament desmitis after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy.

Authors: 
Gallagher A, Cross AR, Sepulveda G.
Volume: 
41
Number: 
4
Pages: 
482-5
Journal: 
Vet Surg
Date: 
2012 May

OBJECTIVE:
To determine if shock wave therapy (SWT) after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) has a beneficial effect on patellar ligament inflammation assessed by thickening of the ligament and ligament fiber disruption.
STUDY DESIGN:
Prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial.
ANIMALS:
Dogs (n = 30).
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Dogs that had TPLO (July 1, 2009 to June 1, 2010) were enrolled. The affected stifle was examined by radiographs and ultrasonography preoperatively and 4, 6, and 8 weeks after TPLO. At 4 and 6 weeks, dogs in the treatment group were briefly anesthetized and treated with SWT. Patellar ligament thickness on a lateral radiographic projection was measured at 1/4, 1/2, 3/4 of the distance from origin to insertion. Ultrasound images were evaluated for patellar ligament disruption and periligament edema.
RESULTS:
There was significant difference in thickness (P = .0264) only at the distal point; therefore, only this point was used to measure difference between the control and treatment groups. A significant difference between groups was reached at 6 and 8 weeks (P = .0059 and P = .0095, respectively) postoperatively. No significant ultrasonographic differences were found.
CONCLUSION:
Based on these results, SWT decreases the radiographic signs of patellar ligament desmitis.